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BY-NC-ND 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access May 3, 2017

Static-kinematic duality in beams, plates, shells and its central role in the finite element method

  • Alberto Carpinteri


Static and kinematic matrix operator equations are revisited for one-, two-, and three-dimensional deformable bodies. In particular, the elastic problem is formulated in the details in the case of arches, cylinders, circular plates, thin domes, and, through an induction process, shells of revolution. It is emphasized how the static and kinematic matrix operators are one the adjoint of the other, and then demonstrated through the definition of stiffness matrix and the application of virtual work principle. From the matrix operator formulation it clearly emerges the identity of the usual Finite Element Method definition of elastic stiffness matrix and the classical definition of Ritz-Galerkin matrix.


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Received: 2016-11-16
Accepted: 2016-11-28
Published Online: 2017-5-3
Published in Print: 2017-1-26

© 2017

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.

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