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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 18, 2014

Oxidative degradation and corrosiveness of biodiesel

  • Marilena Meira

    Marilena Meira was born in Bahia, Brazil, in 1957. She received her MSc (2003) and PhD (2008) in chemistry from the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Brazil. She worked as a postdoc researcher at the same university. She has published 20 refereed scientific papers, 3 book chapters, and 16 patents to her name. Her research interests include biological activities of substances isolated from plants, adulteration of biodiesel and diesel, development of analytical methods using molecular fluorescence associated with multivariate analysis, and development of multifunctional additives for biodiesel. She is currently a professor and coordinator of research at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil.

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    , Paulo Moura B. Santana

    Paulo Moura was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1962. He received his MSc in mechanical engineering (2010) from CMATEC/UFBA-Federal University of Bahia. He is currently concluding his doctorate in Materials Engineering at the Federal University of Sergipe-Brazil. He worked as an engineer of corrosion for 27 years at Braskem, a Brazilian petrochemical company. He works in fields of corrosion engineering, nondestructive testing, failure analysis, quality control, and inspection of static and rotary equipment. His research interests include corrosion, failure analysis, corrosion inhibitor, and development of multifunctional additives for biodiesel. He is currently a professor and researcher at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil.

    , Alexandre S. Araújo

    Alexandre S. Araujo is a first-year student of biological science at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). He is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and he has published two scientific papers.

    , Cliciane L. Silva

    Cliciane Lago Silva is a fourth-year student of the technical course in mechanical studies at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil. She is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and she has published two scientific papers.

    , Josafat R.L. Leal Filho

    Josafat R. L. Leal Filho is a fourth-year student of the technical course in mechanical studies at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil. He is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and he has published two scientific papers.

    and Hugo T. Ferreira

    Hugo Teixeira Ferreira is a fourth-year student of the technical course in mechanical studies at the Federal Institute of Education, Science, and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil. He is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and he has published two scientific papers.

From the journal Corrosion Reviews

Abstract

Biodiesel fuels are attracting increasing attention worldwide as an environmentally friendly fuel. Despite the numerous advantages of biodiesel compared with diesel, some studies indicate that biodiesel is more susceptible to oxidation and therefore more corrosive to metals. The research indicates that stainless steel, cast iron, galvanized steel, carbon steel, and aluminum materials are relatively compatible with pure biodiesel, whereas copper, bronze, brass, lead, tin, zinc, and iron are incompatible, decreasing the stability of biodiesel and increasing its corrosiveness. The use of synthetic antioxidant additives for biodiesel is a necessity to minimize its susceptibility to oxidation. The efficiency of a given antioxidant depends on the feedstock used for biodiesel production. In general, the effectiveness of order of antioxidants was pyrogallol>propyl gallate>Ethanox4760E>N,N′-di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine>2,2′-methylene-bis-(4-methyl-6-ter-butylphenol)>2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole>2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-1,4-benzenediol [tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ)]∼2,6-bis(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methylphenol>2,5-di-tert-butyl-hydroquinone>α-tocopherol. There are few studies showing the effect of inhibitors on the corrosion of metals in biodiesel. Antioxidant compounds may also act as a corrosion inhibitor, but the mechanism of action of these corrosion inhibitors is the formation of a persistent adsorbed monolayer film at the metal/solution interface. For example, the antioxidant TBHQ used in biodiesel retarded the corrosion process in copper, carbon steel, and galvanized steel, acting as a corrosion inhibitor through the formation of a protective film layer.


Corresponding author: Marilena Meira, Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia da Bahia, Campus Simões Filho, IFBA, Av. Universitária sn Pitanguinha, Bahia, CEP 43.700-000, Brazil, e-mail:

About the authors

Marilena Meira

Marilena Meira was born in Bahia, Brazil, in 1957. She received her MSc (2003) and PhD (2008) in chemistry from the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA), Brazil. She worked as a postdoc researcher at the same university. She has published 20 refereed scientific papers, 3 book chapters, and 16 patents to her name. Her research interests include biological activities of substances isolated from plants, adulteration of biodiesel and diesel, development of analytical methods using molecular fluorescence associated with multivariate analysis, and development of multifunctional additives for biodiesel. She is currently a professor and coordinator of research at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil.

Paulo Moura B. Santana

Paulo Moura was born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1962. He received his MSc in mechanical engineering (2010) from CMATEC/UFBA-Federal University of Bahia. He is currently concluding his doctorate in Materials Engineering at the Federal University of Sergipe-Brazil. He worked as an engineer of corrosion for 27 years at Braskem, a Brazilian petrochemical company. He works in fields of corrosion engineering, nondestructive testing, failure analysis, quality control, and inspection of static and rotary equipment. His research interests include corrosion, failure analysis, corrosion inhibitor, and development of multifunctional additives for biodiesel. He is currently a professor and researcher at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil.

Alexandre S. Araújo

Alexandre S. Araujo is a first-year student of biological science at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA). He is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and he has published two scientific papers.

Cliciane L. Silva

Cliciane Lago Silva is a fourth-year student of the technical course in mechanical studies at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil. She is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and she has published two scientific papers.

Josafat R.L. Leal Filho

Josafat R. L. Leal Filho is a fourth-year student of the technical course in mechanical studies at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil. He is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and he has published two scientific papers.

Hugo T. Ferreira

Hugo Teixeira Ferreira is a fourth-year student of the technical course in mechanical studies at the Federal Institute of Education, Science, and Technology of Bahia (IFBA), Simões Filho-Bahia-Brazil. He is a fellow of the Program of Formation of Human Resources (PFRH) of the Petrobras, with experience in technological prospection of patents, synthesis and purification of biodiesel, and immersion tests, and he has published two scientific papers.

Acknowledgments

M.M. thanks Fapesb for the research scholarship. The authors thank Petrobras for the student scholarships.

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Received: 2014-2-25
Accepted: 2014-6-13
Published Online: 2014-7-18
Published in Print: 2014-10-1

©2014 by De Gruyter

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