Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published online by De Gruyter May 23, 2022

Experimental study on corrosion characteristics of ATOMET 4601 + TiC alloy steels

Thanjavur Krishnammorthy Kandavel ORCID logo, Arumugam Jayaprakash and Venkat Krishna Muthukumar
From the journal Corrosion Reviews

Abstract

The corrosion characteristics of newly synthesized (ATOMET 4601 + 2%TiC) high strength alloy steels through powder metallurgy (P/M) technique has been under taken in the present research work. The green compacts of 0.5 aspect ratio (h/d) were sintered at 1100 ± 10 °C for 30 min in nitrogen purged electric muffle furnace. The sintered compacts were cold forged to obtain various densities of alloy steels preforms. Electrochemical and aqueous immersion corrosion tests were carried out on the cold forged alloy steels using pickling acid medium at various time periods. The experimental results show that the addition of TiC to the ATOMET 4601 decreases the corrosion rate of alloy steel and the corrosion rate is found to decrease with increase in density in the alloy steel compositions. Surface morphology, SEM, and XRD were also corroborated with the corrosion characteristics of the P/M alloy steels.


Corresponding author: Thanjavur Krishnammorthy Kandavel, School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology and Research Academy, (SASTRA Deemed To Be University), Thanjavur-613401, Tamil Nadu, India, E-mail:

Acknowledgments

The authors express their sincere gratitude to the Vice Chancellor, SASTRA Deemed To Be University, for granting permission to publish their research work. The authors are highly indebted to M/S Rio Tinto Metal Powders (formerly QMP), Europe, Middle East & Africa for providing ATOMET 4601 prealloyed powder.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare that they do not have any conflicts of interest regarding this article.

References

Aghion, E. and Perez, Y. (2014). Effects of porosity on corrosion resistance of Mg alloy foam produced by powder metallurgy technology. Mater. Char. 96: 78–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2014.07.012.Search in Google Scholar

Amin, M.A., Mersal, G.A.M., and Mohsen, Q. (2011). Monitoring corrosion and corrosion control of low alloy ASTM A213 grade T22 boiler steel in HCl solutions. Arab. J. Chem. 4: 223–229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arabjc.2010.06.040.Search in Google Scholar

Chandramouli, R., Kandavel, T.K., Shanmugha Sundaram, D., and Ashok Kumar, T. (2007). Deformation, densification and corrosion studies on sintered P/M plain carbon steel preforms. Mater. Des. 28: 2260–2264. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2006.05.018.Search in Google Scholar

Chen, W., Wu, Y., and Shen, J. (2004). Effect of copper and bronze addition on corrosion resistance of alloyed 316 L stainless steel cladded on plain carbon steel by powder metallurgy. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 20: 217–220.Search in Google Scholar

Hong, J.H., Lee, S.H., Kim, J.G., and Joon, J.B. (2012). Corrosion behaviour of copper containing low alloy steels in sulphuric acid. Corrosion Sci. 54: 174–182. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2011.09.012.Search in Google Scholar

Hu, P., Song, R., Deng, J., Chen, Z.-Y., Li, Q.-W., Hu, B.-L., Wang, K.-S., Cao, W.-C., Liu, D.-X., and Yu, H.-L. (2017). Electrochemical corrosion behaviour of platinum-coated lanthanum doped titanium-zirconium-molybdenum alloy. J. Alloys Compd. 706: 305–311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.02.259.Search in Google Scholar

Kandavel, T.K. and Chandramouli, R. (2010). Experimental investigations on the microstructure and mechanical properties of sinter-forged Cu and Mo alloyed low alloy steels. Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 50: 53–59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-009-2485-x.Search in Google Scholar

Kandavel, T.K., Chandramouli, R., and Karthikeyan, P. (2012). Influence of alloying elements and density on aqueous corrosion behaviour of some sintered low alloy steels. Mater. Des. 40: 336–342. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.03.033.Search in Google Scholar

Long, Y., Song, W., Fu, A., Xie, J., Feng, Y., Bai, Z., Yin, C., Ma, Q., Ji, N., and Kuang, X. (2022). Combined effect of hydrogen embrittlement and corrosion on the cracking behaviour of C110 low alloy steel in O2-contaminated H2S environment. Corrosion Sci. 194: 109926. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2021.109926.Search in Google Scholar

Ma, H., Cheng, X., Chen, S., Wang, C., Zhang, J., and Yang, H. (1998). An ac impedance study of the anodic dissolution of iron in sulfuric acid solutions containing hydrogen sulfide. J. Electroanal. Chem. 451: 11–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-0728(98)00081-3.Search in Google Scholar

Ma, H., Cheng, X., Li, G., Chen, S., Quan, Z., Zhao, S., and Niu, L. (2000). The influence of hydrogen sulfide on corrosion of iron under different conditions. Corrosion Sci. 42: 1669–1683. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0010-938x(00)00003-2.Search in Google Scholar

Mendes Zimer, A., De Carra, M.A.S., Costa Rios, E., Chaves Pereira, E., and Mascaro, L.H. (2013). Initial stages of corrosion pits on AISI 1040 steel in sulfide solution analyzed by temporal series micrographs coupled with electrochemical techniques. Corrosion Sci. 76: 27–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2013.04.054.Search in Google Scholar

Mohammed, M.T., Khan, Z.A., and Siddiquee, A.N. (2014). Surface modifications of titanium materials for developing corrosion behavior in human body environment: a review. Procedia Mater. Sci. 6: 1610–1618. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mspro.2014.07.144.Search in Google Scholar

Ningshen, S., Sakairi, M., Suzuki, K., and Okuno, T. (2015). Corrosion performance and surface analysis of Ti-Ni-Pd-Ru-Cr alloy in nitric acid solution. Corrosion Sci. 91: 120–128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2014.11.010.Search in Google Scholar

Soorya Prakash, K., Gopal, P.M., Anburose, D., and Kavimani, V. (2018). Mechanical, corrosion and wear characteristics of powder metallurgy processed Ti-6Al-4V/B4C metal matrix composites. Ain Shams Eng. J. 9: 1489–1496. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2016.11.003.Search in Google Scholar

Stergioudi, F., Viogiotzis, A., Gkrekos, K., Michailidis, N., and Skolianos, S.M. (2015). Electrochemical corrosion evaluation of pure, carbon-coated and anodized Al foams. Corrosion Sci. 91: 151–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2014.11.017.Search in Google Scholar

Tang, J., Shao, Y., Guo, J., Zhang, T., Meng, G., and Wang, F. (2010). The effect of H2S concentration on the corrosion behaviour of carbon steel at 90 °C. Corrosion Sci. 52: 2050–2058. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2010.02.004.Search in Google Scholar

Traverso, P., Beccaria, A.M., and Poggi, G. (1994). Effect of sulphides on corrosion of Cu–Ni–Fe–Mn alloy in sea water. Br. Corrosion J. 29: 110–114. https://doi.org/10.1179/000705994798267881.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, P., Zhao, J., Ma, L., Cheng, X., and Li, X. (2021). Effect of grain ultra-refinement on microstructure, tensile property, and corrosion behavior of low alloy steel. Mater. Char. 175: 111385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2021.111385.Search in Google Scholar

Wang, Z.B., Hu, H.X., Zheng, Y.G., Ke, W., and Qiao, Y.X. (2016). Comparison of the corrosion behavior of pure titanium and its alloys in fluoride-containing sulfuric acid. Corrosion Sci. 103: 50–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2015.11.003.Search in Google Scholar

Yu, Z., Xu, Z., Guo, Y., Sha, P., Liu, R., Xin, R., Li, L., Chen, L., Wang, X., Zhang, Z., et al.. (2022). Analysis of microstructure, mechanical properties, wear characteristics and corrosion behavior of SLM-NiTi under different process parameters. J. Manuf. Process. 75: 637–650. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmapro.2022.01.010.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2021-10-15
Accepted: 2022-04-04
Published Online: 2022-05-23

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston