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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 20, 2020

Development and validation of mathematical model of hydrotropic-reactive extraction of lignin

Indah Hartati, Wahyudi Budi Sediawan, Hary Sulistyo, Muhammad Mufti Azis and Moh Fahrurrozi

Abstract

Hydrotropes have been largely explored as reactive extraction agent for lignin separation. In this paper, a mathematical model of hydrotropic-reactive extraction of sugarcane bagasse lignin was proposed and validated by experimental data from literature. The mathematical model was developed by assuming the particle is in slab shape, and by considering simultaneous processes of hydrotrope intra particle diffusion, second order reaction of lignin-hydrotrope, and intra-particle soluble delignification product diffusion. The proposed model results in a set of partial differential equations which were then solved by explicit finite difference approximation method. The mathematical model parameters were determined by fitting the model to the hydrotropic reactive extraction experimental data reported by Ansari and Gaikar (2014). Simulations show that the mathematical model of the hydrotropic-reactive extraction were well fitted to the experimental data with the obtained hydrotrope effective diffusivity (DeA) of 5.0 × 10−11 m2/s, effective diffusivity of soluble lignin product (DeC) of 9.0 × 10−12 m2/s and reaction rate constant (kr) of 1.78 × 10−10 m3/(g.s). It was also observed that the reaction was first order to the hydrotrope (n = 1), and one half order to the lignin (m = 0.5). Meanwhile the pseudo-stoichiometric mass ratio of hydrotrope to lignin was 6.4 g hydrotrope/g lignin.


Corresponding author: Wahyudi Budi Sediawan, Gadjah Mada University, Faculty of Engineering, Chemical Engineering Department, Yogyakarta, Indonesia, E-mail:

Funding source: PDUPT

Award Identifier / Grant number: 2572/UN1/DITLIT/DIT-LIT/LT/2019

Acknowledgment

The research team would like to thanks for The Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education of Republic of Indonesia which support this work through PDUPT research grant of 2019, with contract number of 2572/UN1/DITLIT/DIT-LIT/LT/2019.

  1. Author contribution: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: None declared.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.

  5. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.

Nomenclature
A

hydrotrope compound (sodium xylene sulfonate)

B

lignin

C

soluble lignin product

CA

concentration of hydrotrope (sodium xylene sulfonate) in the liquid in the pore of the solid (g/m3)

CAf

concentration of the hydrotrope (sodium xylene sulfonate) in the bulk of the liquid (g/m3)

CB

concentration of unreacted lignin in the liquid in the pore of the solid (g/m3)

CC

concentration of soluble lignin product in the liquid in the pore of the solid (g/m3)

CCf

concentration of soluble lignin in the bulk of the liquid (g/m3)

DeA,DeC

effective diffusivity of A and C, respectively (m2/s)

ε

lab porosity

Kr

reaction rate constant (m3/(g.s))

L

slab thickness (m)

Nb

the number of thin slabs

S

cross sectional of slab, perpendicular to x axis (m2)

VL

volume of liquid (m3)

n, m

reaction order of hydrotrope (sodium xylene sulfonate) and lignin, respectively

FA

pseudo-stoichiometric mass ratio of hydrotrope (sodium xylene sulfonate) to lignin (g hydrotrope/g lignin)

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Received: 2019-11-20
Accepted: 2020-04-01
Published Online: 2020-07-20

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