Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 3, 2017

Wittgenstein as a Common-Sense Realist

Kristóf Nyíri
From the journal Conceptus

Abstract

The later Wittgenstein is widely held to be a relativist, indeed a constructivist. By contrast, this paper argues that all appearances to the contrary Wittgenstein was a realist, and that this fact becomes almost conspicuous in his late-1940s manuscripts. His realism was a common-sense one, the only kind of realism worthy of the name. Wittgenstein’s common-sense realism has unique traits: first, an uncompromising stress on deviations from ordinary language as a source of (bad) philosophy. Secondly, his awareness of the significance of the pictorial & the motor. Thirdly, his emphasis on established use, that is, on traditions. In the later Wittgenstein, philosophical realism and social conservatism converge.

Bibliography

Arnheim, Rudolf (1954): Art and Visual Perception. Berkeley: University of California Press. Search in Google Scholar

Blich, Baruch (1988): “‘Natural Kinds’ As a Kind of ‘Family Resemblance’”. In: Ota Weinberger/Peter Kollee/Alfred Schramm (Eds.): Philosophy of Law, Politics and Society (Proceedings of the 12th International Wittgenstein Symposium, 1987). Vienna: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky, pp. 284–289. Search in Google Scholar

Coates, John (1996): The Claims of Common Sense: Moore, Wittgenstein, Keynes and the Social Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Coliva, Annalisa (2010): Moore and Wittgenstein: Scepticism, Certainty, and Common Sense. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Search in Google Scholar

Galton, Francis (1907 [1883]):Inquiries into Human Faculty and Its Development. London: J. M. Dent & Co. Search in Google Scholar

Gasparatou, Renia (2009): “Moore and Wittgenstein on Common Sense”. In: Philosophical Inquiry 31. Nos. 3–4, pp. 65–75. Search in Google Scholar

Hintikka, Jaakko (1975): “Concept as Vision: On the Problem of Representation in Modern Art and in Modern Philosophy”. In: Jaakko Hintikka: The Intentions of Intentionality and other New Models for Modalities. Dordrecht: Reidel. Search in Google Scholar

King-Farlow, John (1980): “‘Common Sense’ and ‘Certainty’: Earlier Moore, Later Moore, and Later Wittgenstein”. Philosophical Investigations 3. No. 2, pp. 73–85. Search in Google Scholar

Malcolm, Norman (1958): Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir. London: Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Moore, G. E. (1962 [1939]): “Proof of an External World”. In: G. E. Moore: Philosophical Papers. New York: Collier Books. Search in Google Scholar

Moyal-Sharrock, Danièle (2004): Understanding Wittgenstein’s On Certainty. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (1976): “Wittgenstein’s New Traditionalism”. In: Acta Philosophica Fennica 28. Nos. 1–3, pp. 503–512. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (1986): “Wittgenstein 1929–31: The Turning Back”. In: Stuart Shanker (Ed.): Ludwig Wittgenstein: Critical Assessments. Vol. 4. London: Croom Helm, pp. 29–59. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (2002): “Pictures as Instruments in the Philosophy of Wittgenstein”. In: Rudolf Haller/Klaus Puhl (Eds.): Wittgenstein and the Future of Philosophy: A Reassessment after 50 Years. Wien: öbv&hpt, pp. 328–336. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (2006): “Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Pictures”. In: Alois Pichler/Simo Säätelä (Eds.): Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and his Works. Frankfurt/M.: ontos verlag, pp. 322–353. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (2011): “Image and Metaphor in the Philosophy of Wittgenstein”. In: R. Heinrich et al. (Eds.): Image and Imaging in Philosophy, Science and the Arts (Proceedings of the 33rd International Ludwig Wittgenstein Symposium, 2010, vol. 1). Frankfurt/M.: ontos verlag, pp. 109–129. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (2013): “Images in Conservative Education”. In: András Benedek/Kristóf Nyíri (Eds.): How to Do Things with Pictures. Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang Edition, pp. 191–207. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (2014): Meaning and Motoricity: Essays on Image and Time. Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Search in Google Scholar

Nyíri, Kristóf (2015): “Wittgenstein and Common-Sense Philosophy”. In: András Benedek/Kristóf Nyíri (Eds.): Beyond Words: Pictures, Parables, Paradoxes. Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang Edition, pp. 231–243. Search in Google Scholar

Reid, Thomas (2002 [1785]): Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man: A Critical Edition. Edited by Derek R. Brookes. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Schulte, Joachim (2005): “What Is a Work by Wittgenstein?”. In: Alois Pichler/Simo Säätelä (Eds.): Wittgenstein: The Philosopher and his Works. Working Papers from the Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen, No. 17, pp. 356–363. Search in Google Scholar

Stroll, Avrum (1994): Moore and Wittgenstein on Certainty. New York: Oxford University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Winner, Ellen (2006): “Development in the Arts: Drawing and Music”. In: Deanna Kuhn/Robert Siegler (Eds.): Handbook of Child Psychology. Vol. 2. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, pp. 859–904. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1958 [1953]): Philosophical Investigations. 2nd edition. Transl. by G. E. M. Anscombe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1964 [1958]): Preliminary Studies for the “Philosophical Investigations”. Generally Known as the Blue and Brown Books. Preface by Rush Rhees. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1967): Lectures and Conversations on Aesthetics, Psychology and Religious Belief. Edited by Cyril Barrett. Berkeley: University of California Press. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1969): Über Gewißheit / On Certainty. Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe/G. H. von Wright. Engl. transl. by Denis Paul/G. E. M. Anscombe. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1976): Wittgenstein’s Lectures on the Foundations of Mathematics – Cambridge, 1939. Edited by Cora Diamond. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (1977): Remarks on Colour. Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe. Transl. by Linda L. McAlister/Margarete Schättle. Berkeley: University of California Press. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (2009): Philosophical Investigations. Revised 4th edition. Edited by P. M. S. Hacker/Joachim Schulte. Transl. by G. E. M. Anscombe. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. Search in Google Scholar

Wittgenstein, Ludwig (2016): Wittgenstein: Lectures, Cambridge 1930–1933 – From the Notes of G. E. Moore. Edited by David G. Stern/Brian Rogers/Gabriel Citron. New York: Cambridge University Press. Search in Google Scholar

Wright, Georg Henrik von (1982 [1969]): “The Wittgenstein Papers”. In: Georg Henrik von Wright: Wittgenstein. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2017-1-3
Published in Print: 2017-1-1

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston