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BY 4.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access September 30, 2019

Framing Solidarity. Feminist Patriots Opposing the Far Right in Contemporary Poland

  • Jennifer Ramme EMAIL logo
From the journal Open Cultural Studies


Due to the attempts to restrict the abortion law in Poland in 2016, we could observe a new broad-based feminist movement emerge. This successful movement became known worldwide through the Black Protests and the massive Polish Women’s Strike that took place in October 2016. While this new movement is impressive in its scope and can be described as one of the most successful opposition movements to the ethno-nationalist right wing and fundamentalist Catholicism, it also deploys a patriotic rhetoric and makes use of national symbols and categories of belonging. Feminism and nationalism in Poland are usually described as in opposition, although that relationship is much more complex and changing. Over decades, a general shift towards right-wing nationalism in Poland has occurred, which, in various ways, has also affected feminist actors and (counter)discourses. It seems that patriotism is used to combat nationalism, which has proved to be a successful strategy. Taking the example of feminist mobilizations and movements in Poland, this paper discusses the (im)possible link between patriotism, nationalism and feminism in order to ask what it means for feminist politics and female solidarity when belonging is framed in different ways.


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Received: 2018-10-30
Accepted: 2019-05-30
Published Online: 2019-09-30
Published in Print: 2019-01-01

© 2019 Jennifer Ramme, published by De Gruyter Open

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Public License.

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