Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) June 16, 2016

Was ist eine Person?

Überlegungen zu Leibniz

  • Dominik Perler EMAIL logo

Abstract

Leibniz holds that we cannot give an account of the synchronic and diachronic identity of a person without appealing to a substance. This paper analyses his reasons for this anti-Lockean thesis. It first looks at his theory of substance, paying particular attention to his commitment to the Principle of Sufficient Reason: the existence of a well-ordered series of mental states cannot be sufficiently explained without reference to a substance. The paper then examines the distinction Leibniz draws between the substance as the “real person” and the “appearing person” that comes into existence through reflexive consciousness. It argues that there can be no appearing person without a real person and looks at the relationship between these two types of person. Leibniz’s distinction is still relevant because it shows that questions concerning the metaphysical constitution of a person need to be carefully distinguished from questions concerning the psychological construction of a personality.

Literatur

Adams, R. M. (1994), Leibniz: Determinist, Theist, Idealist, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Adams McCord, M. (2010), Some Later Medieval Theories of the Eucharist. Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Barth, C. (2011), Leibnizian Conscientia and its Cartesian Roots, in: Studia Leibnitiana 43, 216–236.10.25162/sl-2011-0015Search in Google Scholar

Barth, C. (2014), The Great Chain of Souls: Leibniz on Soul Unitarism and Soul Kinds, in: Corcilius, K., u. Perler, D. (Hg.), Partitioning the Soul: Debates from Plato to Leibniz, Berlin, 271–298.10.1515/9783110311884.271Search in Google Scholar

Bobro, M. E. (2004), Self and Substance in Leibniz, Dordrecht.Search in Google Scholar

Crocker, J., u. Canevello, A. (2012), Self and Identity. Dynamics of Persons and Their Situations, in: Deaux, K., u. Snyder, M. (Hg.), The Oxford Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology, Oxford, 263–286.10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195398991.013.0011Search in Google Scholar

Curley, E. (1982), Leibniz on Locke on Personal Identity, in: Hooker, M. (Hg.), Leibniz: Critical and Interpretive Essays, Minneapolis, 302–326.Search in Google Scholar

Garber, D. (2009), Leibniz: Body, Substance, Monad, Oxford.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199566648.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Garrett, D. (2003), Locke on Personal Identity, Consciousness, and „Fatal Errors“, in: Philosophical Topics 31, 95–125.10.5840/philtopics2003311/214Search in Google Scholar

Hume, D. (2007), A Treatise of Human Nature, hg. v. Norton, D. F., u. Norton, M. J., Oxford. Jolley, N., (1984), Leibniz and Locke. A Study of the New Essays on Human Understanding, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Lamiell, J. T. (2009), The Characterization of Persons: Some Fundamental Conceptual Issues, in: Corr, P. J., u. Matthews, G. (Hg.), The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology, Cambridge, 72–86.10.1017/CBO9780511596544.008Search in Google Scholar

Leibniz, G. W. (1923 ff.), Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe, hg. v. d. Berlin-Brandenburgischen Akad. d. Wiss., Berlin [A].Search in Google Scholar

Leibniz, G. W. (2008), Die philosophischen Schriften, hg. v. Gerhardt, C. I. [Berlin 1879], Hildesheim [GP].Search in Google Scholar

Locke, J. (1975), An Essay concerning Human Understanding, hg. v. Nidditch, P. H., Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Mates, B. (1986), The Philosophy of Leibniz: Metaphysics and Language, Oxford.Search in Google Scholar

Mercer, C. (2001), Leibniz’s Metaphysics. Its Origins and Development, Cambridge.10.1017/CBO9780511498268Search in Google Scholar

Pasnau, R. (2011), Metaphysical Themes 1274–1671, Oxford.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199567911.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Perler, D. (2009), Graduelle oder kategorische Unterschiede? Leibniz über das Verhältnis von Tieren und Menschen, in: Barke, E., Wernsted, R., u. Breger, H. (Hg.), Leibniz neu denken, Studia Leibnitiana Sonderheft 38, Stuttgart, 75–95.Search in Google Scholar

Quante, M. (Hg.) (1999), Personale Identität, Paderborn.Search in Google Scholar

Quante, M. (2007), Person, Berlin.10.1515/9783110907360Search in Google Scholar

Rodriguez-Pereyra, G. (2014), Leibniz’s Principle of Identity of Indiscernibles, Oxford.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198712664.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Russell, B. (1937), A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz, London.Search in Google Scholar

Schechtman, M. (2011), The Narrative Self, in: Gallagher, S. (Hg.), The Oxford Handbook of the Self, Oxford, 394–418.10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199548019.003.0018Search in Google Scholar

Scheffler, S. (1976), Leibniz on Personal Identity and Moral Personality, in: Studia Leibnitiana 8, 219–240.Search in Google Scholar

Thiel, U. (2011), The Early Modern Subject. Self-Consciousness and Personal Identity from Descartes to Hume, Oxford.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199542499.001.0001Search in Google Scholar

Wilson, M. (1999), Leibniz: Self-Consciousness and Immortality in the Paris Notes and After [1976], in: Ideas and Mechanism. Essays on Early Modern Philosophy, Princeton, N. J., 373–387.10.1515/9781400864980.373Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2016-6-16
Published in Print: 2016-6-1

© 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 4.3.2024 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/dzph-2016-0027/html
Scroll to top button