Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter (A) March 31, 2020

Ethnologie als Xenologie

Bernhard Waldenfels und die Wissenschaft vom kulturell Fremden

Bernhard Leistle

Abstract

This article explores the implications of Bernhard Waldenfels’s responsive phenomenology for the discipline of cultural anthropology or ethnology, insofar as it understands itself as the “science of the culturally Other”. It discusses Waldenfels’s own engagement with ethnology and shows the compatibility of his approach with discussions within the discipline. The intertwining of ownness and alienness that is central to Waldenfels’s account of experience is applied to the problem of culture in ethnology. This leads to an acknowledgement of a domain between cultures, a genuine interculturality, as the fundamental field of ethnological research, which, however, can only be addressed through indirect forms of representation. Such forms are identified in the practice of ethnographic citation, and through a reinterpretation of Horace Miner’s classical satire “Body Ritual among the Nacirema”, thus demonstrating the possibility of a prospective “responsive ethnology”.

Literatur

Berg, E., u. Fuchs, M. (1993), Kultur, soziale Praxis, Text, Frankfurt am Main.Search in Google Scholar

Burde, M. (2014), Social Science Fiction: The Genesis and Legacy of Horace Miner’s „Body Ritual among the Nacirema“, in: American Anthropologist 116.3, 549–561.10.1111/aman.12123Search in Google Scholar

Clifford, J. (1988), The Predicament of Culture, Cambridge u. London.10.4159/9780674503724Search in Google Scholar

Clifford, J., u. Marcus, G. (Hg.) (1986), Writing Culture, Berkeley, Calif.10.1525/9780520946286Search in Google Scholar

Holbraad, M., u. Pedersen, M. A. (2017), The Ontological Turn, Cambridge.10.1017/9781316218907Search in Google Scholar

Kohl, K.-H. (1993), Ethnologie. Die Wissenschaft vom kulturell Fremden, München.Search in Google Scholar

Leistle, B. (2014), From the Alien to the Other. Steps toward a Phenomenological Theory of Spirit Possession, in: Anthropology of Consciousness 25.1, 53–90.10.1111/anoc.12019Search in Google Scholar

Leistle, B. (2015), Otherness as a paradigm in anthropology, in: Semiotica 204, 291–303.10.1515/sem-2014-0089Search in Google Scholar

Leistle, B. (2016), Responsivity and (some) other approaches to alterity, in: Anthropological Theory 16.1, 48–74.10.1177/1463499616628761Search in Google Scholar

Leistle, B. (Hg.) (2017), Anthropology and Alterity. Responding to the Other, New York u. London.10.4324/9781315616759Search in Google Scholar

Linton, R. (1936), The Study of Man, New York u. London.Search in Google Scholar

Malinowski, B. (1922), Argonauts of the Western Pacific, London.Search in Google Scholar

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1966), Phänomenologie der Wahrnehmung, Berlin.10.1515/9783110871470Search in Google Scholar

Merleau-Ponty, M. (1986), Das Sichtbare und das Unsichtbare, München.Search in Google Scholar

Merleau-Ponty, M. (2007), Zeichen, Hamburg.Search in Google Scholar

Miner, H. (1956), Body Ritual among the Nacirema, in: American Anthropologist 58.3, 503–507.10.1515/9783110856064.134Search in Google Scholar

Robbin, J. (2013), Beyond the suffering subject: toward an anthropology of the good, in: Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute (New Series) 19, 447–462.10.1111/1467-9655.12044Search in Google Scholar

Trouillot, M.-R. (1991), Anthropology and the Savage Slot: The Poetics and Politics of Otherness, in: Fox, R. G. (Hg.), Recapturing Anthropology, Santa Fe, N. M., 17–44.Search in Google Scholar

Waldenfels, B. (1997), Topographie des Fremden, Frankfurt am Main.Search in Google Scholar

Waldenfels, B. (1999), Vielstimmigkeit der Rede, Frankfurt am Main.Search in Google Scholar

Waldenfels, B. (2006), Grundmotive einer Phänomenologie des Fremden, Frankfurt am Main.Search in Google Scholar

Waldenfels, B. (2007), The Question of the Other, New York u. Hongkong.10.2307/j.ctv1fx4gn2Search in Google Scholar

Waldenfels, B. (2017), Flüchtlinge als Gäste in Not, in: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 65.1, 89–105.10.1515/dzph-2017-0007Search in Google Scholar

Waldenfels, B. (2019), Erfahrung, die zur Sprache drängt, Berlin.Search in Google Scholar

Zenker, O., u. Kumoll, K. (Hg.) (2010), Beyond Writing Culture, New York.Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2020-03-31
Published in Print: 2020-04-07

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Scroll Up Arrow