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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter Open Access December 30, 2016

The Analysis of Orders of Perishable Goods in Relation to the Bullwhip Effect in the Logistic Supply Chain of the Food Industry: a Case Study

Jan Chocholáč and Petr Průša
From the journal Open Engineering


The bullwhip effect generally refers to the phenomenon where order variability increases as the orders move upstream in the supply chain. It is serious problem for every member of the supply chain. This effect begins at customers and passes through the chain to producers, which are at the end of the logistic chain. Especially food supply chains are affected by this issue. These chains are unique for problems of expiration of goods (particularly perishable goods), variable demand, orders with quantity discounts and effort to maximize the customer satisfaction. This paper will present the problem of the bullwhip effect in the real supply chain in the food industry. This supply chain consists of approximately 350 stores, four central warehouses and more than 1000 suppliers, but the case study will examine 87 stores, one central warehouse and one supplier in 2015. The aim of this paper is the analysis of the order variability between the various links in this chain and confirmation of the bullwhip effect in this chain. The subject of the analysis will be perishable goods.


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Received: 2016-6-23
Accepted: 2016-7-30
Published Online: 2016-12-30

©2016 Jan Chocholáč and Petr Průša

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License.

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