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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 2, 2023

Quality Control Using Convolutional Neural Networks Applied to Samples of Very Small Size

  • Rallou A. Chatzimichail ORCID logo and Aristides T. Hatjimihail ORCID logo EMAIL logo


Artificial neural networks (NNs) have been extensively studied for their application to quality control (QC) to monitor the conformity of processes to quality specifications. However, the requirement of at least five QC measurements increases the associated costs. This study explores the potential of using NNs on samples of QC measurements of very small size. To achieve this, three one-dimensional (1-D) convolutional NNs (CNNs) were designed, trained, and tested on datasets of n-tuples of simulated, standardized, normally distributed QC measurements, where 2 n 4 .

The performance of the designed CNNs was compared to that of statistical QC functions applied to samples of equal sizes, maintaining equal probabilities for false rejection. The results demonstrated that for n-tuples of QC measurements distributed as 𝒩 ( 0 , s 2 ) , where 1.2 < s 9.0 , the designed CNNs outperformed their statistical QC functions counterparts. Therefore, the use of 1-D CNNs applied to samples of two to four QC measurements can effectively enhance the detection of nonconformity of a process to quality specifications. This approach has the potential to significantly reduce the costs of QC measurements and improve the overall efficiency of the QC process.

MSC 2020: 62P30; 68T07


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Received: 2023-01-03
Revised: 2023-08-30
Accepted: 2023-09-21
Published Online: 2023-11-02
Published in Print: 2023-12-01

© 2023 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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