Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 5, 2016

The Vicchio Stele and Its Context

P. Gregory Warden
From the journal Etruscan Studies

Abstract

The recent discovery of an inscribed stele in the foundations of the Late Archaic temple at the sanctuary of Poggio Colla (Vicchio, FI) sheds new light on the nature of cult at the site. The stele is one of the longest Etruscan sacred texts and is from a secure archaeological context. It is also the earliest extant non-funerary sacred text (excluding simple votive inscriptions). The object, currently undergoing conservation, promises to provide new evidence for Etruscan ritual, literacy, and language.

Acknowledgements

MVAP is grateful to Dr. Andrea Pessina, Soprintendente; Dr. Susanna Sarti, Archaeological Inspector for the Mugello; Prof. Barbara Aterini, Università di Firenze; and Alessandro Nocentini, Ph.D. candidate in architecture at the Università degli Studi di Firenze, for their support and invaluable assistance. I especially want to thank Dr. Sarti for her continued and enthusiastic support, and Andrea Santoni of the Gruppo Archeologico di Vicchio for twenty-one years of friendship and collaboration.

MVAP is a joint project and collaboration of Southern Methodist University, Franklin and Marshall College, the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology, the University of Texas, and the Open University (UK). As a partnership of several universities, MVAP depends on the collaboration of many scholars. It is a team effort, and I am especially grateful to the senior staff of the project for their support and advice: Michael Thomas, The University of Texas at Austin; Ann Steiner, Franklin & Marshall College; Gretchen Meyers, Franklin & Marshall College; Phil Perkins, Open University; Jess Galloway, architect. The excavation has functioned as a field school from the very beginning, and graduate and undergraduate students from over eighty universities have participated. Their hard work and dedication has made the success of this project possible.

Bibliography

Camporeale, G. 2012. “Ager Faesulanus, Poggio Colla.” Rivista di Epigrafia Etrusca. StEtr 75: 187–88.Search in Google Scholar

Cappuccini, L., C. Ducci, S. Gori, and L. Paoli. 2009. Museo Archeologico Comprensoriale del Mugello e Val di Sieve. Florence: Aska.Search in Google Scholar

Castor, A. 2009. “An Early Hellenistic Jewelry Hoard from Poggio Colla.” MAAR 54: 245–62.Search in Google Scholar

Fedeli, L., and P.G. Warden. 2006. “Recenti scavi a Poggio Colla (Vicchio).” Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana 2: 334–37. Search in Google Scholar

Maggiani, A. 2016. “Epigrafia e religione.” In Gli Etruschi maestri di scrittura: societrus cultura nell’Italia antica, 96–105. Cortona: Silvana.Search in Google Scholar

Meyers, G.E. 2010. “Weaving As Worship: Women and Ritual at the Etruscan Site of Poggio Colla (Vicchio).” Paper presented at the 111th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, 10 January, Anaheim.Search in Google Scholar

Meyers, G.E. 2013. “Women and the Production of Ceremonial Textiles: A Reevaluation of Ceramic Textile Tools in Etrusco-Italic Sanctuaries.” AJA 117: 247–74.Search in Google Scholar

Meyers, G.E., and A. Steiner. 2015. “Women in the Sanctuary: New Evidence for Female Participation in Ritual at the North Etruscan Sanctuary of Poggio Colla.” Paper presented at the 116th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, 8–11 January, New Orleans.Search in Google Scholar

Perkins, P. 2012. “The Bucchero Childbirth Stamp on a Late Orientalizing Period Shard from Poggio Colla.” EtrSt 15: 146–201.Search in Google Scholar

Perkins, P. 2016. “On the Edge of Etruria: Early Etruscans in Apennines.” Accordia joint lecture with the UCL Institute of Archaeology, 3 May, London.Search in Google Scholar

Potts, C. 2015. Religious Architecture in Latium and Etruria, c. 900–500 BC. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, M.L. 2000a. “The Technology of Daily Life in a Hellenistic Etruscan Settlement.” EtrSt 7: 107–8.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, M.L. 2000b. “An Imitative Unsealed Semis from Northern Etruria.” AJN 12: 113–18.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, M.L. 2001. “Excavations at Poggio Colla (Vicchio di Mugello): A Report of the 2000–2002 Seasons,.” EtrSt 8: 119–30.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, M.L. 2012. “One Hundred Victoriati from the Sanctuary at Poggio Colla (Vicchio di Mugello): Ritual Contexts and Roman Expansion.” EtrSt 15: 19–93.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, M.L. 2016. “New Evidence for the Early Phases of the Temple at Poggio Colla (Vicchio di Mugello).” Paper presented at the 117th Annual Meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, 6–9 January, San Francisco.Search in Google Scholar

Van der Graaff, I., R. Vander Poppen, and T. Nales T. 2010. “The Advantages and Limitations of Coring Survey: An Initial Assessment of the Poggio Colla Coring Project.” In TRAC 2009: Proceedings of the Nineteenth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, edited by Alison Moore, Geoff Taylor, Emily Harris, Peter Girdwood and Lucy Shipley, 53–65. Oxford: Oxbow Books.Search in Google Scholar

Warden. P.G. 2007. “Vicchio (FI). Poggio Colla. Campagna di scavo 2006.” Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana 3: 38–40.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2009a. “Vicchio (FI). Recenti scavi (2008) a Poggio Colla.” Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana 4: 402–5.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2009b “Remains of the Ritual at the Sanctuary of Poggio Colla.” In Votives, Places, Rituals in Etruscan Religion. Studies in Honor of Jean MacIntosh Turfa, edited by M. Gleba and H. Becker, 107–21. Religion in the Graeco-Roman World (RGRW) 166. Leiden: Brill.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2010. “The Temple Is a Living Thing: Fragmentation, Enchainment, and the Reversal of Ritual at the Acropolis Sanctuary of Poggio Colla.” In The Archaeology of Sanctuaries and Ritual in Etruria, edited by N. de Grummond and I. Edlund-Berry, 55–67. JRA Supplementary Series 81. Portsmouth RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2012a. “Monumental Embodiment: Somatic Symbolism and the Tuscan Temple.” In Monumentality in Etruscan and Early Roman Architecture: Ideology and Innovation, edited by M.L. Thomas and G. Meyers, 82–110. Austin: The University of Texas Press.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2012b. “Giving the Gods Their Due: Ritual Evidence from Poggio Colla.” With an appendix by Angela Trentacoste. In Francesco Nicosia. L’archeologo e il soprintendente. Scritti in memoria.Notiziario della Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Toscana, Supplemento 1 al n. 8/2012: 249–57. Borgo San Lorenzo, FI: All'insegna del Giglio.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2013. “Etruscans at the (Northern) Edge: The Sanctuary of Poggio Colla (FI).” Paper presented at the conference “Frontiers of the European Iron Age,” 20–22 September, Magdalene College and the McDonald Institute, Cambridge, UK.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2015. “Recent Discoveries at the Sanctuary and Settlement of Poggio Colla (Vicchio di Mugello).” Paper presented at the conference “Dalla Valdelsa al Conero. Ricerche di archeologia e topografia storica in ricordo di Giuliano De Marinis,” 27–29 November, Colle di Val d’Elsa, San Gimignano, and Poggibonsi, Italy.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G. 2016. “Una scoperta recente: la stele iscritta del santuario etrusco di Poggio Colla (Vicchio).” In L’ombra degli etruschi. Simboli di un popolo tra pianura e collina, edited by P. Perazzi, G. Poggesi, and S. Sarti, 83–5. Florence: Edifir.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G., M.L. Thomas, and J. Galloway. 1999. “Excavations at the Etruscan Settlement of Poggio Colla: The 1995–1998 Seasons.” JRA 12: 231–46.Search in Google Scholar

Warden, P.G., M.L. Thomas, A. Steiner, and G. Meyers. 2005. “The Etruscan Settlement of Poggio Colla (1998–2004 excavations).” JRA 18: 252–66.Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2016-11-5
Published in Print: 2016-11-1

© 2016 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston