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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Mouton November 14, 2013

The use of Basque in model D schools in the Basque Autonomous Community

Iñaki Martínez de Luna, Mikel Zalbide, Jeroen Darquennes and Pablo Suberbiola

Abstract

Against the background of a general sketch of language acquisition planning in European indigenous language minority settings and a brief presentation of developments in language acquisition planning in the BAC, this contribution presents an analysis of recent data on language use in Basque model D-schools. On the one hand, it concentrates on the differences in language use at school as they exist between pupils according to their mother tongue profile and the Basqueness of their area of living. On the other hand, it pays attention to the factors that influence the language use at school within these subgroups. It then links a brief discussion of these factors to a more general discussion of some challenges with which school language planners in the BAC (as well as in other European contexts) are confronted.

Zusammenfassung

Nach einer Darstellung von Spracherwerbsplanungstendenzen im Kontext einheimischer europäischer Sprachminderheiten im Allgemeinen und des Autonomen Baskenlandes im Besonderen, widmet sich dieser Beitrag ausgewählten Ergebnissen einer rezenten Datenerhebung zum Sprachengebrauch in sogenannten D-Schulen im Autonomen Baskenland. Der Beitrag beleuchtet den Sprachengebrauch der Schüler gemäß ihrem Muttersprachenprofil und dem Anteil der Baskischsprecher in ihrem Wohnort. Dann stellt er die Faktoren, die den Sprachengebrauch der Schüler in den jeweiligen Untergruppen beeinflussen, dar. Und schließlich verbindet er eine kurze Besprechung dieser Faktoren mit einer allgemeinen Besprechung einiger Herausforderungen, mit denen sich Schulsprachenplaner im Autonomen Baskenland (so wie in anderen europäischen Kontexten) konfrontiert sehen.

Resumen

Esta contribución presenta un análisis de datos recientes acerca del uso de la lengua vasca en el modelo lingüístico D del sistema educativo vasco, situándolo en el contexto general de la planificación para la adquisición de lenguas autóctonas minoritarias europeas y acompañándolo de una breve presentación del desarrollo de la adquisición lingüística en la CAPV. La presentación se centra en los diferentes niveles de uso de la lengua por el alumnado en el entorno educativo, en función de cuál sea su primera lengua y del grado de presencia de la misma en su entorno social de residencia. También se analizan los factores que influyen en ese uso lingüístico en el centro educativo para tales subgrupos. A continuación se aborda una breve reflexión acerca de los desafíos a los que se enfrentan (al igual a como lo hacen sus homólogos en otros contextos europeos) los responsables de la planificación lingüística en la CAPV.

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Note

As described in the introduction, this article is based on data of the Arrue-project, a joint project of the Department of Education of the Basque Autonomous Community, the Soziolinguistika Klusterra and ISEI-IVEI (the Basque Institute for Evaluation and Research of the System of Education). In 2011, the members of the Monitoring Committee of the project were: Mikel Zalbide, Cándido Hernández, Mikel Zabaljauregi, Francisco Luna, Eduardo Ubieta, Arrate Egaña, Iñaki Martínez de Luna and Pablo Suberbiola.


Published Online: 2013-11-14
Published in Print: 2014-9-1

© 2014 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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