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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg August 26, 2017

Anonymität und Demokratie

Thorsten Thiel

Zusammenfassung

Der Beitrag untersucht, was wir unter Anonymität verstehen und inwieweit und in welcher Hinsicht sich die Möglichkeiten anonymer Kommunikation in Folge des digitalen Strukturwandels verändert haben. Einen besonderen Schwerpunkt bildet die Frage, welcher normative Status Anonymität zukommen soll. Diesbezüglich wird argumentiert, dass demokratietheoretisch informierte Perspektiven eine wichtige Ergänzung zu den derzeit im Diskurs dominanten Positionen darstellen, die entweder über die Wirkungen anonymer Kommunikationsmöglichkeiten spekulieren oder Anonymität allein als Mittel zum Schutz individueller Privatheit rechtfertigen. Eine republikanische Position, die nicht beherrschte Handlungsräume und die Möglichkeit politischen Handelns einfordert, kann sowohl deskriptiv als auch präskriptiv neue Sichtweisen in die Debatte einbringen und so zu einer wirkungsvolleren Politisierung von Anonymität beitragen.

Abstract

The article reconstructs what we mean by anonymity and how the possibilities of anonymous communication have changed along with the rise of information and communication technologies. A focal point is the question what normative importance should be attached to anonymity. It is argued that democratic theory provides a vital addition to the perspectives currently dominant in the discourse, which either speculate about the effects of anonymity or subsume anonymity under a wider understanding of individual privacy. A republican position that stresses non-domination and the possibilities to act politically gives rise to a new descriptive and prescriptive vocabulary and, therefore, helps to make the current politicization of anonymity more effective.

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Online erschienen: 2017-8-26
Erschienen im Druck: 2017-6-27

© 2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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