Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg December 9, 2020

Sozialökologische Bewegungen in Lateinamerika: Bedeutungen von „Natur“ in Wasserkonflikten in Peru

  • Johanna Leinius

    Dr. Johanna Leinius ist Sozialwissenschaftlerin am Fachgebiet Soziologische Theorie der Universität Kassel.

    EMAIL logo

Zusammenfassung

Der Artikel gibt einen Überblick über die Entwicklung und den Charakter sozialökologischer Bewegungen in Lateinamerika. Es wird argumentiert, dass Umweltbewegungen in Lateinamerika häufig nicht nur danach streben, ihre ökologisch begründeten Lebensgrundlagen zu schützen. Sie artikulieren potentiell auch andere Realitäten, in denen Natur nicht als Ressource, sondern als handelndes Subjekt und Teil der Gemeinschaft gesehen wird. Am Beispiel des sozialökologischen Konflikts um die Goldmine Yanacocha in der peruanischen Provinz Cajamarca werden solche relationalen Ontologien aufgezeigt und abschließend diskutiert, was die Anerkennung ontologischer Multiplizität für die Bewegungsforschung bedeutet.

Abstract

The article gives an overview of the development and key features of socio-ecological movements in Latin America. It advances the argument that environmental movements in Latin America often not only strive to protect ecologically-based livelihoods, they also articulate alternative visions of nature as subject and as part of the community, rather than a resource. Drawing on the case study of the socio-ecological conflict over the Yanacocha gold mine in the Peruvian province of Cajamarca, the article sketches relational ontologies. This is followed by a discussion on possibilities of grasping ontological multiplicity through research.

About the author

Dr. Johanna Leinius

Dr. Johanna Leinius ist Sozialwissenschaftlerin am Fachgebiet Soziologische Theorie der Universität Kassel.

Literatur

Acker, Antoine/Kaltmeier, Olaf/Tittor, Anne 2016: The Social Production of Nature between Coloniality and Capitalism (Introduction). In: fiar 9(2), 5–24.Search in Google Scholar

Allen, Catherine J. 1997: When Pebbles Move Mountains. Iconicity and Symbolism in Quechua Ritual. In: Howard-Malverde, Rosaleen (Hg.): Creating Context in Andean Cultures. Oxford University Press, 73–98.Search in Google Scholar

Alvarez, Sonia E./Dagnino, Evelina/Escobar, Arturo (Hg.) 1998: Cultures of Politics, Politics of Cultures: Re-visioning Latin American Social Movements. Westview Press.10.4324/9780429501135Search in Google Scholar

Bebbington, Anthony/Humphreys Bebbington, Denise/Bury, Jeffrey/Lingan, Jeannet/Muñoz, Juan Pablo/Scurrah, Martin 2008: Mining and Social Movements: Struggles Over Livelihood and Rural Territorial Development in the Andes. In: World Development 36(12), 2888–2905.10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.11.016Search in Google Scholar

Blaser, Mario 2009: The Threat of the Yrmo: The Political Ontology of a Sustainable Hunting Program. In: American Anthropologist 111(1), 10–20.10.1111/j.1548-1433.2009.01073.xSearch in Google Scholar

Blaser, Mario 2010: Storytelling Globalization From the Chaco and Beyond. Duke University Press.10.2307/j.ctv11cw0jfSearch in Google Scholar

Brand, Karl-Werner 2008: Umweltbewegung (inkl. Tierschutz). In: Roth, Roland/Rucht, Dieter (Hg.): Die sozialen Bewegungen in Deutschland seit 1945 – Ein Handbuch. Campus Verlag, 220–244.Search in Google Scholar

CENSAT Agua Viva 2015: Memorias: Encuentro Nacional de Mujeres defensoras de la vida frente al extractivismo. Informe Mujeres y extractivismo.Search in Google Scholar

Crosby, Alfred 1972: The Columbian Exchange: Biological and Cultural Consequences of 1492. Greenwood.Search in Google Scholar

Cúneo, Martín/Gascó, Emma 2013: Crónicas del estallido: Viaje a los movimientos sociales que cambiaron América Latina. Icaria editorial.Search in Google Scholar

de Castro, Fábio/Hogenboom, Barbara/Baud, Michiel 2016: Introduction: Environment and Society in Contemporary Latin America. In: de Castro, Fábio/Hogenboom, Barbara/Baud, Michiel (Hg.): Environmental Governance in Latin America. Palgrave Macmillan, 1–29.10.1007/978-1-137-50572-9_1Search in Google Scholar

de la Cadena, Marisol 2010: Indigenous Cosmopolitics in the Andes: Conceptual Reflections Beyond ‚Politics‘. In: Cultural Anthropology 25(2), 334–370.10.1111/j.1548-1360.2010.01061.xSearch in Google Scholar

de la Cadena, Marisol 2015: Earth Beings: Ecologies of Practice Across Andean Worlds. Duke University Press.10.2307/j.ctv11smtkxSearch in Google Scholar

Durand Guevara, Anahí 2014: Movimientos sociales y política en el Perú de hoy. In: Latinoamérica. Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos 58(1), 59–84.10.1016/S1665-8574(14)70101-2Search in Google Scholar

Escobar, Arturo 2014: Sentipensar con la tierra: Nuevas lecturas sobre desarrollo, territorio y diferencia. Ediciones UNAULA.Search in Google Scholar

Flemmer, Riccarda/Schilling‐Vacaflor, Almut 2016: Unfulfilled Promises of the Consultation Approach: the Limits to Effective Indigenous Participation in Bolivia’s and Peru’s Extractive Industries. In: Third World Quarterly 37(1), 172–188.10.1080/01436597.2015.1092867Search in Google Scholar

Foyer, Jean/Dumoulin Kervran, David 2015: The Environmentalism of NGOs Versus Environmentalism of the Poor? Mexico’s Social–Environmental Coalitions. In: Almeida, Paul/Cordero Ulate, Allen (Hg.): Handbook of Social Movements across America. Springer, 223–235.10.1007/978-94-017-9912-6_16Search in Google Scholar

González, Jhon 2018: Latinoamérica: una región letal para los defensores de Derechos Humanos. 09. September 2018, www.latinamericanpost.com.Search in Google Scholar

Gudynas, Eduardo 2011: Tensiones, contradicciones y oportunidades de la dimensión ambiental del Buen Vivir. In: Farah H., Ivonne/Vasapollo, Luciano (Hg.): Vivir Bien: Paradigma no Capitalista? CIDES – UMSA y Plural, 231–246.Search in Google Scholar

Haesbart, Rogério 2011: El mito de la desterrítorialización’. Del „fin de los terrítoríos“ a la multíterrítonalidad. siglo xxi editores.Search in Google Scholar

Leinius, Johanna 2016: Pluriversalität als Modernekritik: Die Praktiken der Kritik der Sozialökologischen Bewegung in Cajamarca. In: Backhaus, Katia H./Roth-Isigkeit, David (Hg.): Praktiken der Kritik. Campus, 215–236.Search in Google Scholar

Leinius, Johanna 2020a: From Defending Body and Territory to Defending Body as Territory: Women’s Politics of Translation in Eco-Territorial Conflicts. In: Daniel, Antje/Mageza-Barthel, Rirhandu/Richter-Montpetit, Melanie/Scheiterbauer, Tanja (Hg.): Feminist Perspectives on Security. Barbara Budrich Verlag.10.2307/j.ctv19prr9d.7Search in Google Scholar

Leinius, Johanna 2020b: The Postcolonial Feminist Ethics and Politics of Research Collaborations across North-South-Divides. In: Ziai, Aram/Müller, Franziska/Bendix, Daniel (Hg.): Beyond the Master’s Tools. Decolonizing Knowledge Orders, Research Methodology, and Teaching. Palgrave.Search in Google Scholar

Leinius, Johanna 2020c: Articulating Body, Territory, and the Defence of Life in Eco-Territorial Conflicts in Peru. In: Bulletin of Latin American Research,Search in Google Scholar

Li, Fabiana 2013: Relating Divergent Worlds: Mines, Aquifers and Sacred Mountains in Peru. In: Anthropologica 55, 399–411.Search in Google Scholar

Li, Fabiana 2016: In Defense of Water: Modern Mining, Grassroots Movements, and Corporate Strategies in Peru. In: The Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Anthropology 21(1), 109–129.10.1111/jlca.12198Search in Google Scholar

Li, Fabiana/Paredes Peñafiel, Adriana Paola 2019: Stories of Resistance: Translating Nature, Indigeneity, and Place in Mining Activism. In: Vindal Ødegard, Cecilie/Rivera Andía, Juan Javier (Hg.): Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism: Ethnographies from South America. Palgrave Macmillan, 219–244.10.1007/978-3-319-93435-8_9Search in Google Scholar

Llamoctanta, Blanca/Caruajulca, Janeth/Cercado Chávez, Rosa 2013: Megaminería en Cajamarca desde las Experiencias de Vida de las Mujeres. In: Hoetmer, Raphael/Castro, Miguel/Daza, Mar/De Echave, José/Ruiz, Clara (Hg.): Minería y Movimientos Sociales en el Perú. PDTG, 357–363.Search in Google Scholar

Los Andes 2011: Ignorancia de García Pérez califica de absurdas creencias andinas (Video). 17. Juni 2011, www.losandes.com.pe.Search in Google Scholar

Martínez-Alier, Joan 2002: The Environmentalism of the Poor: A Study of Ecological Conflicts and Valuation. Edward Elgar Publishing.10.4337/9781843765486Search in Google Scholar

Mol, Annemarie 2017: Krankheit tun. In: Bauer, Susanne/Heinemann, Torsten/Lemke, Thomas (Hg.): Science and Technology Studies: Klassische Positionen und aktuelle Perspektiven. Suhrkamp, 429–470.Search in Google Scholar

Moore, Jason W. 2010: ‘“This Lofty Mountain of Silver Could Conquer the Whole World”: Potosí and the Political Ecology of Underdevelopment. In: The Journal of Philosophical Economics 4, 58–103.Search in Google Scholar

Neckel, Sighard 2018: Ökologische Distinktion: Soziale Grenzziehung im Zeichen von Nachhaltigkeit. In: Hasenfratz, Martina/Pritz, Saraj Miriam/Wiegand, Timo (Hg.): Die Gesellschaft der Nachhaltigkeit: Umrisse eines Forschungsprogramms. transcript, 59–76.10.14361/9783839441947-005Search in Google Scholar

Palacios Panéz, Mario 2009: Un Siglo de Minería Transnacional, una Misma Conducta Empresarial: Siglo de Resistencias y Luchas Comunitarias por la Madre Tierra. In: De Echave, José/Hoetmer, Raphael/Palacios Panéz, Mario (Hg.): Minería y Territorio en el Perú: Conflictos, Resistencias y Propuestas en Tiempos de Globalización. PDTG, 131–154.Search in Google Scholar

Pérez-Rincón, Mario/Vargas-Morales, Julieth/Martinez-Alier, Joan 2019: Mapping and Analyzing Ecological Distribution Conflicts in Andean Countries. In: Ecological Economics 157, 80–91.10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.11.004Search in Google Scholar

Quijano, Aníbal 2000: Coloniality of Power and Eurocentrism in Latin America. In: International Sociology 15, 215–232.10.1177/0268580900015002005Search in Google Scholar

Quintero, Pablo/Garbe, Sebastian 2013: Kolonialität der Macht: De/Koloniale Konflikte: Zwischen Theorie und Praxis. Unrast Verlag.Search in Google Scholar

Schön, Georg 2008: Somos Viento: Globalisierte Bewegungswelten in Lateinamerika. Unrast Verlag.Search in Google Scholar

Schwirkus, Katharina 2017: Protesthandeln und Extraktivismus: Das Beispiel der YASunidos-Bewegung in Ecuador. In. Forschungsjournal Soziale Bewegungen 30(1), 1–14, Online Supplement. forschungsjournal.deSearch in Google Scholar

Silva Santisteban, Rocío 2016: Perros y Antimineros: Discursos extractivistas y prácticas represivas en el Perú. In: Tabula Rasa 24, 79–104.10.25058/20112742.58Search in Google Scholar

Stahler-Sholk, Richard /Vanden, Harry E./Becker, Marc 2014: New Directions in Latin American Social Movements. In: Stahler-Sholk, Richard /Vanden, Harry E./Becker, Marc (Hg.): Rethinking Latin American Social Movements. Rowman & Littlefield, 1–19.Search in Google Scholar

Starn, Orin 1992: ’I Dreamed of Foxes and Hawkes‚: Reflections on Peasant Protest, New Social Movements, and the Rondas Campesinas of Northern Peru. In: Escobar, Arturo/Alvarez, Sonia E. (Hg.): The Making of Social Movements in Latin America: Identity, Strategy, and Democracy. Westview Press, 89–111.10.4324/9780429496301-8Search in Google Scholar

Stensrud, Astrid B. 2019: Water as Resource and Being: Water Extractivism and Life Projects. In: Vindal Ødegard, Cecilie/Rivera Andía, Juan Javier (Hg.): Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism: Ethnographies from South America. Palgrave Macmillan, 143–164.10.1007/978-3-319-93435-8_6Search in Google Scholar

Svampa, Maristella. 2019: Neo-extractivism in Latin America: Socio-environmental Conflicts, the Territorial Turn, and New Political Narratives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/9781108752589Search in Google Scholar

Temper, Leah/del Bene, Daniela/Martínez-Alier, Joan. 2015: The Environmental Justice Atlas: About. ejatlas.org.Search in Google Scholar

Ulloa, Astrid 2016: Feminismos territoriales en América Latina: defensas de la vida frente a los extractivismos. In: Nómadas, 123–139.10.30578/nomadas.n45a8Search in Google Scholar

UNICEF/WHO 2019: Progress on Household Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 2000–2017. Special Focus on Inequalities. UNICEF and WHO.Search in Google Scholar

Veltmeyer, Henry 2018: Resistance, Class Struggle and Social Movements in Latin America: Contemporary Dynamics. In: Journal of Peasant Studies, 269–296.10.5216/ia.v42i2.47674Search in Google Scholar

Vindal Ødegard, Cecilie/Rivera Andía, Juan Javier (Hg.) 2019: Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism: Ethnographies from South America. Palgrave Macmillan.10.1007/978-3-319-93435-8Search in Google Scholar

Wickstrom, Stefanie 2008: Cultural Politics and the Essence of Life: Who Controls the Water? In: Carruthers, David (Hg.): Environmental justice in Latin America: Problems, Promise, and Practice. The MIT Press, 287–320.10.7551/mitpress/9780262033725.003.0013Search in Google Scholar

Published Online: 2020-12-09
Published in Print: 2020-12-04

© 2020 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 2.3.2024 from https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/fjsb-2020-0067/html
Scroll to top button