Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter Oldenbourg March 12, 2021

Amerikas progressive Bewegungen angesichts von Pandemie und rassistischer Polizeigewalt

Margit Mayer

Zusammenfassung

Dieser Beitrag untersucht, inwiefern die in der Trump-Ära und insbesondere im Wahl- und Pandemie-Jahr 2020 aktiven progressiven sozialen Bewegungen sich von früheren unterscheiden und neue Chancen bieten. Dabei wird zunächst aufgezeigt, wie sich in der enormen Breite und Vielfalt der Trump Resistance Konvergenz-Tendenzen um Forderungen nach sozialer Gerechtigkeit sowie um antirassistische Mobilisierungen herausbilden. Der nächste Abschnitt fokussiert auf Social Justice-Bewegungen und kontextualisiert sie in der von zunehmender Vermögensungleichheit geprägten Klassenstruktur der USA. Diese Bewegungen sowie die Ausbreitung der auch von nicht-Schwarzen getragenen Black Lives Matter-Mobilisierungen nach der Ermordung von George Floyd im Mai 2020 werden im Kontext der spezifisch amerikanischen Entwicklung eines rassistisch geprägten Siedler-Kapitalismus und (entsprechend limitierter) Bewegungs-Traditionen interpretiert, wodurch ihre historischen Chancen in den Blick geraten. Die in der Trump-Ära ebenfalls erstarkten rechten Bewegungen artikulieren ihrerseits Widersprüche des amerikanischen racial capitalism, wie am Schluss an Hand des ‚Sturms auf’s Kapitol‘ gezeigt wird.

Abstract

The article explores how the progressive social movements, which mobilized during the Trump era and expanded even more dramatically during 2020 (a year marked by a polarizing election and a pandemic), differ from their precursors and offer new opportunities. It first shows how, within the breadth and diversity of the Trump Resistance, demands for social and racial justice and the rejection of police violence emerged as themes allowing shared understandings. Next, it contextualizes the explosion of anti-poverty, anti-eviction, and anti-precarization movements within the changing US class structure increasingly characterized by accelerating inequality. These movements, as well as the wide-spread mobilizations around Black Lives Matter after the police murder of George Floyd in May 2020, are then interpreted within the frame of the US-specific development of racial capitalism and its (correspondingly limited) movement traditions. This interpretation allows us to identify the historically unique opportunities of these contemporary movements. Far right movements, which also expanded during the Trump era, similarly articulate contradictions of racial capitalism and its associated limited democracy, as is shown in the discussion of the storming of the Capitol.

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Published Online: 2021-03-12
Published in Print: 2021-03-26

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