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Mobilisierungsdynamiken, Hegemoniekrisen und neue Protestakteure: Eine Dekade Protestforschung zu den Umbrüchen im Nahen Osten und Nordafrika

  • Jannis Julien Grimm

    Jannis Grimm ist Nachwuchsgruppenleiter am INTERACT Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Friedens- und Konfliktforschung der Freie Universität Berlin. Kontakt:

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About the author

Jannis Julien Grimm

Jannis Grimm ist Nachwuchsgruppenleiter am INTERACT Zentrum für interdisziplinäre Friedens- und Konfliktforschung der Freie Universität Berlin. Kontakt: .


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Im Herbst 2021 wurde an der Freien Universität Berlin ein neues Zentrum für Interdisziplinäre Friedens- und Konfliktforschung (INTERACT) ins Leben gerufen. Das Berliner INTERACT-Zentrum leistet einen Beitrag zur systematischen Identifizierung, Abgrenzung und kritischen Einordnung aktueller Problemzusammenhänge, die mit gewaltförmigen Prozessen regionaler und globaler Verflechtung einhergehen. Der Fokus seiner anwendungsbezogenen Grundlageforschung liegt dabei auf der prozessorientierten und machtkritischen Durchdringung und Rekonstruktion transnationaler Konfliktkonstellationen. Neu daran ist einerseits die interdisziplinäre Ausrichtung, die neben der politikwissenschaftlichen Konfliktforschung und Perspektiven aus der Soziologie, Informatik, Rechtswissenschaften und andere Disziplinen berücksichtigen soll. Andererseits zeichnet sich das Zentrum durch eine dezidiert prozessorientierte und interaktionsorientierte Perspektive auf Konflikt und Gewalt aus.

Am Zentrum untersucht vor allem die Nachwuchsgruppe „Radical Spaces/Radikale Räume“ unter der Leitung von ipb-Vorstandsmitglied Dr. Jannis Julien Grimm die Wechselbeziehung zwischen gewaltförmigen Konfliktkonstellationen und sozialen Mobilisierungsprozessen und Protestdynamiken. Im Zentrum ihres dreijährigen Forschungsprogramms „Discursive conditions of radical politics: Dynamics of (non)violent escalation during the second wave of the Arab Spring“ steht dabei die Erforschung von Bedingungen, Formen und Dynamiken radikaler Politiken und (nicht)staatlicher Gewalt, von Prozessen sozialer Mobilisierung und Mustern ihrer Radikalisierung und Repression, sowie die Theoretisierung der Verbindung von Gewaltdynamiken zu medial vermittelten Deutungskämpfen. Der Fokus liegt dabei auf politischen Subjektivierungsprozessen und Interaktionsdynamiken zwischen Behörden und nichtstaatlichen Akteuren, die gewaltfreie oder gewalttätige Handlungsmuster und die Hinwendung zu radikalen Politikoptionen befördern. Durch deren Erforschung soll ein konzeptionelles Toolkit entwickelt werden, durch das sich Eskalationstendenzen und während Protestwellen frühzeitig einordnen lassen.

Durch eine Orientierung an den Verhaltensweisen wettstreitender Akteure, konkurrierenden Narrativen über umstrittene Protestereignisse und affektiven Prozessen, die Konfliktdynamiken treiben und verändern, soll im Rahmen der Forschungsgruppe herausgearbeitet werden, welche situativen Mechanismen eine Hinwendung zu radikalen politischen Ausdrucksformen befördern oder verhindern. Empirisch stehen drei Fälle aus Westasien und Nordafrika im Zentrum: Libanon, Algerien und Sudan, die zuletzt jeweils bedeutsame Wellen von Massenprotesten und staatlicher Repression erlebten. Konzeptionell geht es bei der Untersuchung dieser drei Fälle um die Frage, unter welchen diskursiven Bedingungen sich friedliche Proteste radikalisieren; wann Sicherheitskräfte zu brutalen Repressionen neigen und welche physischen und diskursiven Interaktionsdynamiken in der Etablierung von Gewalt(freiheit) als Mittel des politischen Wettstreits münden.

Nähere Informationen zur Nachwuchsgruppe und ihren Projekten finden sich unter:

Informationen über die Aktivitäten des Zentrums für Interdisziplinäre Friedens- und Konfliktforschung gibt es auf der INTERACT Webseite unter:, sowie auf Twitter und

Published Online: 2022-06-15
Published in Print: 2022-06-09

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