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Tune-text accommodation in Optimality Theory: an account of Southern Valencian Catalan yes-no questions

  • Paolo Roseano EMAIL logo and Francesco Rodriquez
From the journal Folia Linguistica


This paper aims at contributing to ascertain the principles of intonational grammar that lie behind the realization of nuclear contours and at presenting them in terms of Optimality Theory constraints. In order to do so, we analyse the prosody of the nuclear configuration of Southern Valencian Catalan yes-no questions, with special emphasis on situations where text-tune accommodation phenomena take place. The empirical data, which are analysed according to the principles of the autosegmental-metrical model, show a complex interplay of different phenomena at the text-tune interface, like vowel lengthening, tonal spreading, tonal retraction and intonation-driven schwa epenthesis. We argue that the variation detected in the data can be accounted for by the interaction of nine constraints (i.e., Max-IO(µp), Dep-IO(µs), Anchor(T%,Rt,IP,Rt), Anchor(L*,Rt,ˈσ,Rt), *Anchor(T,C), *Anchor(T,-voice), Share(T*,NC), Dep-IO(Associate), Max-IO(Associate)), whose ranking is established by means of a Stochastic Optimality Theory analysis.

Corresponding author: Paolo Roseano, Department of Spanish Language and General Linguistics, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED), Paseo de la Senda del Rey, 7, 28040 Madrid, Spain, E-mail:

Funding source: Direcció General de Política Universitària i Recerca, Govern Illes Balears (Spain)

Award Identifier / Grant number: PDR2020/51 - ITS2017-006


We would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for the time and effort they dedicated to review the manuscript. We would also like to thank Pilar Prieto for advising us on some of the theoretical issues contained in Sections 1.1 and 1.2. We sincerely appreciate their valuable comments and suggestions, which helped us to improve the quality of the article.

  1. Research funding: This work was supported by Direcció General de Política Universitària i Recerca, Govern Illes Balears (Spain) (PDR2020/51 - ITS2017-006).


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Received: 2021-06-02
Accepted: 2022-10-04
Published Online: 2022-12-21
Published in Print: 2023-04-25

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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