Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 16, 2015

Chemical Energy Conversion as Enabling Factor to Move to a Renewable Energy Economy

Salvatore Abate, Gabriele Centi ORCID logo and Siglinda Perathoner
From the journal Green

Abstract

The role of chemical energy storage and solar fuels as key elements for the sustainable chemical and energy production is discussed in this concept paper. It is shown how chemical energy storage, with the development of drop-in carbon-based solar fuels, will play a central role in the future low-carbon economy, but it is necessary to consider its out-of-the-grid use, rather than being limited to be a tool for smart grids. Related aspects discussed are the possibility to: (i) enable a system of trading renewable energy on a world scale (out-of-the-grid), including the possibility to exploit actually unused remote resources, (ii) develop a solar-driven and low-carbon chemical production, which reduces the use of fossil fuels and (iii) create a distributed energy production, going beyond the actual limitations and dependence on the grid.

Funding statement: Funding:The authors acknowledge the PRIN10-11 project “Mechanisms of activation of CO2 for the design of new materials for energy and resource efficiency” for the financial support and the EU IAPP project nr 324292 BIOFUR, in the frame of which part of this work was realized.

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Received: 2015-8-17
Accepted: 2015-11-6
Published Online: 2015-12-16
Published in Print: 2015-12-1

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