This study examines food-fuel trade-offs from the perspective of crop producers and their choices in marketing their grain among food, feed and fuel use. Based on a recent survey of Iowa grain producers, this study finds that price competition from ethanol plants has increased the share of the corn marketed directly to ethanol plants and lowered the market share of corn marketed for domestic and international food/feed purposes. Other factors, such as farm size and market distance, affect the share of corn directed to the fuel, food, and feed markets. The results indicate corn producers are willing to bear higher transportation costs to reach food markets over other market outlets.
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