Skip to content
Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 13, 2013

Multivariate-parameter optimization of the alkaline peroxide mechanical pulp (APMP) process for larch (Larix gmelinii Rupr.) using Box-Behnken design

Wenming He, Huiren Hu and Wang Li
From the journal Holzforschung

Abstract

The study is aiming at the finding of optimal pulping conditions for the alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping process applied to larch in terms of brightness (% ISO) and tensile strength (TS). Based on three variables, the Box-Behnken experimental design was applied to determine the effects of the first-stage and second-stage dosages of H2O2 and the impregnation temperature on % ISO and TS. The equations based on the quadratic regression analysis were developed, which describe the response behaviors as the simultaneous functions of the selected independent variables. The best brightness achieved was 75.4% ISO under the following conditions: first-stage H2O2 3.5%, second-stage H2O2 3.54%, and impregnation temperature 81.4°C. The best TS (37.2 N·m g-1) was found under the following conditions: first-stage H2O2 2.4%, second-stage H2O2 3.9%, and impregnation temperature 90°C.


Corresponding author: Wenming He, Tianjin Key Lab of Pulp and Paper, Tianjin University of Science & Technology, Tianjin 300457, China, e-mail:

References

Al-Dajani, W.W., Tschirner, U.W. (2010) Pre-extraction of hemicelluloses and subsequent ASA and ASAM pulping: comparison of autohydrolysis and alkaline extraction. Holzforschung 64:411–416.Search in Google Scholar

Alireza, T., Pejman, R.C. (2010) Evaluation of pulp and paper making characteristics of rice stem fibers prepared by twin-screw extruder pulping. BioResources 5:1745–1761.Search in Google Scholar

Atkinson, A.C., Donev, A.N. Optimum experimental designs. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1992. pp. 132–139.Search in Google Scholar

Browne, T.C. Twenty-First Century Markets for Mechanical Pulps. Proceeding of IMPC, Shaanxi, China, 2011.Search in Google Scholar

Duan, S.X., Li, Y.C., Wang, L. Analysis of APMP Pulping Process and Its Optimization. Proceeding of IMPC, Shaanxi, China, 2011.Search in Google Scholar

Ferrer, A., Rosal, A., Valls, C., Roncero, B., Rodriguez, A. (2011) Modeling hydrogen peroxide bleaching of soda pulp from oil-palm empty fruit bunches. BioResources 6:1298–1307.Search in Google Scholar

Hafrén, J., Nelsson, E., Gerritsen, H.C., Bader, A.N. (2012) Optical properties of thermomechanical pulp (TMP) obtained from sulfite-pretreated Norway spruce with focus on two-photon spectral imaging (TPSI). Holzforschung 66:817–824.Search in Google Scholar

Hedjazi, S., Kordsachia, O., Patt, R., Jahan, L.A., Tschirner, U. (2008) Bagasse alkaline sulfite-anthraquinone (AS/AQ) pulping and totally chlorine free (TCF) bleaching. Holzforschung 62:142–148.Search in Google Scholar

Hedjazi, S., Kordsachia, O., Patt, R., Kreipl, A. (2009) MEA/water/AQ-pulping of wheat straw. Holzforschung 63:505–512.Search in Google Scholar

Hörhammer, H., Walton, S., van Heiningen, A. (2011) A larch based biorefinery: pre-extraction and extract fermentation to lactic acid. Holzforschung 65:491–496.Search in Google Scholar

Huang, F., Lanouette, R., Law, K.N. (2012) The breakdown mechanism of earlywood and latewood in refining. Wood Sci. Technol. 46:887–904.Search in Google Scholar

Hui, L.F., Liu, Z., Ni, Y.H. (2009) Characterization of high-yield pulp (HYP) by the solute exclusion technique. Bioresour. Technol. 100:6630–6634.Search in Google Scholar

Iakovlev, M., Pääkkönen, T., van Heiningen, A. (2009) Kinetics of SO2-ethanol-water pulping of spruce. 10th EWLP, Stockholm, Sweden, August 25–28, 2008. Holzforschung 63:779–784.Search in Google Scholar

Kojima, Y. (1996) Modification of larch (Larix) high-yield pulps with ozone. Tappi J. 50:801–810.Search in Google Scholar

Latibari, J.A., Pourali, K., Roghani, A.F. (2012) Alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping of fast-growth Paulownia wood. BioResources 7:265–274.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, C.E., Yue, J.Q., Liu, C.P., Jiang, B., Yuan, L., Shi, G.Q. (2002) Application of the twin screw roller refiner to the refining of larch SCMP. China Pulp Paper 21:34–37.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, X., Fatehi, P., Ni, Y., Xiao, H. (2010) Using cationic polyvinyl alcohol (C-PVA) to improve the strength of wood-free papers containing high-yield pulp (HYP). Holzforschung 64:563–569.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, T.Z., Hu, H.R., He, Z.B., Ni, Y.H. (2011a) Treatment of poplar alkaline peroxide mechanical pulping (APMP) effluent with Aspergillus niger. Bioresour. Technol. 102: 7361–7365.Search in Google Scholar

Liu, T.Z., Hu, H.R., He, Z.B., Ni, Y.H. (2011b) Treatment of APMP pulping effluent based on aerobic fermentation with Aspergillus niger and post-coagulation/flocculation. Bioresour. Technol. 102:4712–4717.Search in Google Scholar

Martti, V., Anni, M.H., Nasko, T., Tapio, L., Pekka, S. (2006) Decay resistance, extractive content, and water sorption capacity of Siberian larch (Larix sibirica Lebed.) heartwood timber. Holzforschung 60:99–103.Search in Google Scholar

Naveenchandra, P.M., Bhattacharya, S., Ravishankar, G.A. (2011) Culture media optimization through response surface methodology for in vitro shoot bud development of Solanum melongena L. for micropropagation. Int. J. Bioautomat. 15:159–172.Search in Google Scholar

Ohmura, W., Ohara, S., Hashida, K., Aoyama, M., Doi, S. (2005) Hydrothermolysis of flavonoids in relation to steaming of Japanese larch wood. Holzforschung 56: 493–497.Search in Google Scholar

Poojary, H., Mugeraya, G. (2012) Optimization of critical medium components using response surface methodology for laccase production by Peniophora sp. hpF04. J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. Res. 2:46–56.Search in Google Scholar

Rosli, W.D., Leh, C.P., Zainuddin, Z., Tanaka, R. (2005) Optimisation of soda pulping variables for preparation of dissolving pulps from oil palm fibre. Holzforschung 57: 106–113.Search in Google Scholar

Senthilkumar, R.S., Dempsey, M., Krishnan, C., Gunasekaran, P. (2008) Optimization of biobleaching of paper pulp in an expanded bed bioreactor with immobilized alkali stable xylanase by using response surface methodology. Bioresour. Technol. 99:7781–7787.Search in Google Scholar

Singh, A., Bishnoi, N.R. (2012) Enzymatic hydrolysis optimization of microwave alkali pretreated wheat straw and ethanol production by yeast. Bioresour. Technol. 108:94–101.Search in Google Scholar

Sun, L.H., Hou, Y.Z. (2002) APMP of eucalyptus: manufacture and utilization. China Pulp Paper 21:1–4.Search in Google Scholar

Thomas, H., Markku, R., Pedro, F. (2008) Composition of callus resin of Norway spruce, Scots pine, European larch and Douglas fir. Holzforschung 62:417–422.Search in Google Scholar

Vicentim, M.P., de Almeida, F.R., Ferraz, A. (2009) High-yield kraft pulping of Eucalyptus grandis Hill ex Maiden biotreated by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora under two different culture conditions. Holzforschung 63:408–413.Search in Google Scholar

Xu, Z.Z., Hao, G.R., Wang, Q.Y. (2002) Studies on the production of larch APMP. China Pulp Paper 21:77–78.Search in Google Scholar

Yamamoto, M., Iakovlev, M., van Heiningen, A. (2011) Total mass balances of SO2-ethanol-water (SEW) fractionation of forest biomass. Holzforschung 65:559–565.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, H.J., He, Z.B., Ni, Y.H. (2011a) Improvement of high-yield pulp properties by using a small amount of bleached wheat straw pulp. Bioresour. Technol. 102:2829–2833.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, H.J., Yuan, Z.R., Ni, Y.H (2011b) Energy saving potential of high yield pulp (HYP) application by addition of small amounts of bleached wheat straw pulp. Holzforschung 65:29–34.Search in Google Scholar

Zou, D.B., Jiang, Q.C. (1990) Preliminary studies on the bleachability of larch SCMP. China Pulp Paper 9:3–9.Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2012-10-23
Accepted: 2013-1-18
Published Online: 2013-03-13
Published in Print: 2013-10-01

©2013 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston