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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 30, 2013

Photoyellowing of chemically modified chemithermomechanical pulps (CTMP) from Eucalyptus globulus under various atmospheres

  • Yasuo Kojima EMAIL logo , Yoshiaki Kato , Yukiko Ishikura , Seung-Lak Yoon and Toshihiro Ona
From the journal Holzforschung


Chemithermomechanical pulps (CTMP) were prepared from Eucalyptus globulus and photoirradiated, and the responses have been examined by means of ultraviolet (UV) microspectrophotometer. The absorbance in the UV spectra of fiber walls increased in the range of 300 of 350 nm as a result of photoirradiation, indicating the formation of conjugated double-bound systems in the fiber walls. These spectral changes occurred only on the irradiated surface of sheets. CTMP photoirradiation under various atmospheres indicated that the presence of oxygen in the irradiation atmosphere is not necessary for CTMP yellowing. In nitrogen or vacuum, photoyellowing was at the same level as observed under oxygen. This observation was interpreted as a result of direct elimination of proton radicals from free phenolic groups and/or cleavage of β-aryl ether linkages. This induced probably the excited triplet state of α-carbonyl structures in CTMP, which leads to chromophore formation in the absence of oxygen. Reduction of CTMP with sodium borohydride impeded effectively the effects of photoirradiation only in the absence of oxygen. On the contrary, acetylation of CTMP had no effect in the absence of oxygen but led to photobleaching in the presence of oxygen.

Corresponding author: Yasuo Kojima, Department of Applied Biological Chemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University, 2-8050 Ikarashi, Nishi-ku, Niigata, 950-2181, Japan, e-mail:


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Received: 2013-5-20
Accepted: 2013-8-2
Published Online: 2013-08-30
Published in Print: 2014-02-01

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