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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 1, 2015

Compressed and moulded wood from processing to products

COST action FP0904 2010–2014: Thermo-hydro-mechanical wood behaviour and processing

Andreja Kutnar, Dick Sandberg and Peer Haller
From the journal Holzforschung


This paper presents the state of the art of different wood densification processes as one emerging process technology. The main principles for the processes are discussed, such as bulk and surface densification, bending, moulding of shells and tubes, as well as methods for reducing the shape memory effect of densified wood. The main challenges are in the field of scaling up to industrial applications. To provide a better understanding with this regard, some relevant scientific results are presented. Furthermore, the discussion considers the contribution of thermo-hydro and thermo-hydro-mechanical processes to a sustainable and low-carbon economy.

Corresponding author: Andreja Kutnar, Andrej Marušič Institute, University of Primorska, Muzejski trg 2, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia; and Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information Technologies, Glagoljaška 8, SI-6000 Koper, Slovenia, e-mail:


The support of the European Science Foundation for COST Action FP0904 Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Wood Behaviour and Processing in conferences, meetings, short-term scientific missions, and training schools is gratefully acknowledged. COST Action FP0904 is supported and funded by COST (European Cooperation for Science and Technology).


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Received: 2014-6-29
Accepted: 2015-3-27
Published Online: 2015-5-1
Published in Print: 2015-9-1

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