Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 27, 2017

The sorption of monovalent cations onto wood flour and holocelluloses of Norway spruce: molecular interactions during LiCl impregnation

Reddysuresh Kolavali and Merima Hasani
From the journal Holzforschung

Abstract

Active functional groups and interactions involved in the sorption of Li+ ions from an aqueous LiCl solution onto the Norway spruce sapwood (sW) flour have been investigated. To this purpose, sW was delignified by peracetic acid (PAA) treatments and the resulting holocelluloses (HC6 h, HC24 h, HC51 h, HC72 h, where the lower case data indicate the PAA treatment time) with various lignin contents were immersed in aqueous solution of LiCl and the sorption effects were studied by flame atomic emission spectroscopy (FAES), attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The Brunauer- Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area increased from 1.5±0.0 m2g−1 to 2.4±0.1 m2g−1 for HC6 h, and from 1.6±0.03 m2g−1 to 2.7±0.6 m2g−1 for HC72 h upon LiCl treatment. It was found that Li+/Cl retention occurs predominantly via O-containing functionalities and the carbohydrate-rich samples sorbed more Li+. Upon LiCl treatment, the mobility and accessibility of the wood matrix was enhanced, possibly by interference of the introduced ions with the existing intermolecular bonds.

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Chalmers Energy Initiative for their financial support. Our thanks go to Ms. Anne Wendel, senior research engineer, Applied Chemistry, Chalmers University of Technology, for her technical assistance with the XPS characterization measurements.

References

Ahluwalia, S.S., Goyal, D. (2007) Microbial and plant-derived biomass for removal of heavy metals from waste water. Bioresour. Technol. 98:2243–2257. Search in Google Scholar

Argun, M.E., Dursun, S., Ozdemir, C., Karatas, M. (2007) Heavy metal adsorption by modified oak sawdust: thermodynamics and kinetics. J. Hazard Mater. 141:77–85. Search in Google Scholar

Bahmani, M., Melcher, E., Schmidt, O., Fromm, J. (2015) Influence of exposure time, wood species and dimension on the remaining copper and chromium content in CC-treated wood after field and laboratory leaching tests. Holzforschung 69:1143–1150. Search in Google Scholar

Batzias, F.A., Sidiras, D.K. (2007) Dye adsorption by prehydrolysed beech sawdust in batch and fixed-bed systems. Bioresour. Technol. 98:1208–1217. Search in Google Scholar

Beamson, G., Briggs, D. High Resolution XPS of Organic Polymers. Wiley, Chichester, 1992. Search in Google Scholar

Chastain, J., King, R. C. (Eds.) Handbook of X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy: A Reference Book of Standard Spectra for Identification and Interpretation of XPS Data (p. 261), Perkin-Elmer, Eden Prairie, MN, 1992. Search in Google Scholar

Dorris, G.M., Gray, D.G. (1978) The surface analysis of paper and wood fibers by ESCA (Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis). I Application to cellulose and lignin. Cell Chem. Technol. 12:9–23. Search in Google Scholar

Dulman, V., Cucu-Man, S.M. (2009) Sorption of some textile dyes by beech wood sawdust. J. Hazard Mater. 162:1457–1464. Search in Google Scholar

Duong, T.D., Nguyen, K.L., Hoang, M. (2006) Competitive sorption of Na+ and Ca 2+ ions on unbleached Kraft fibers−A kinetics and equilibrium study. J. Colloid Interf. Sci. 301:446–451. Search in Google Scholar

Gross, A.S., Bell, A.T., Chu, J-W. (2013) Preferential interactions between lithium chloride and glucan chains in N, N-dimethylacetamide drive cellulose dissolution. J. Phys. Chem. B 117:3280–3286. Search in Google Scholar

Ferrero, F. (2007) Dye removal by low cost adsorbents: Hazelnut shells in comparison with wood sawdust. J. Hazard Mater. 142:144–152. Search in Google Scholar

Harilal, S.S., Allain, J.P., Hassanein, A., Hendricks, M.R., Nieto-Perez, M. (2009) Reactivity of lithium exposed graphite surface. Appl. Surf. Sci. 255:8539–8543. Search in Google Scholar

Hill, C.A.S. Wood Modification – Chemical, Thermal and Other Processes. Wiley, Chichester, 2006. Search in Google Scholar

Ho, Y.S., McKay, G. (1998) Kinetic models for the sorption of dye from aqueous solution by wood. Process Saf. Environ. 76:183–191. Search in Google Scholar

Inari, G.N., Petrissans, M., Lambert, J., Ehrhardt, J.J., Gérardin, P. (2006) XPS characterization of wood chemical composition after heat‐treatment. Surf. Interface Anal. 38:1336–1342. Search in Google Scholar

Jääskeläinen, A-S., Tapanila, T., Poppius-Levlin, K. (2000) Carbohydrate reactions in peroxyacetic acid bleaching. J. Wood Chem. Technol. 20:43–59. Search in Google Scholar

Jebrane, M., Heinmaa, I. (2016) Covalent fixation of boron in wood through transesterification with vinyl ester of carboxyphenylboronic acid. Holzforschung 70:577–583. Search in Google Scholar

Jedvert, K., Saltberg, A., Lindström, M.E., Theliander, H. (2012) Mild steam explosion and chemical pre-treatment of Norway spruce. Bioresources 7:2051–2074. Search in Google Scholar

Johansson, L.S., Campbell, J.M., Fardim, P., Hultén, A.H., Boisvert, J.P., Ernstsson, M. (2005) An XPS round robin investigation on analysis of wood pulp fibres and filter paper. Surf. Sci. 584:126–132. Search in Google Scholar

Johansson, L.S., Campbell, J.M., Hännien, T., Ganne-Chedeville, C., Vuorinen, T., Hughes, M., Laine, J. (2012) XPS and the medium-dependent surface adaptation of cellulose in wood. Surf. Interface Anal. 44:899–903. Search in Google Scholar

Kartal, S.N., Terzi, E., Woodward, B., Clausen, C.A., Lebow, S.T. (2014) Chemical remediation of wood treated with micronised, nano or soluble copper preservatives. Holzforschung 68:831–837. Search in Google Scholar

Kolavali, R., Theliander, H. (2014) Experimental determination of the diffusion of monovalent cations into wood: Effects of micro-cracks, wood structure, impregnation time and temperature on the local concentration profiles. J.-For. 4:29–35. Search in Google Scholar

Kolavali, R., Hasani, M., Theliander, H. (2016) The sorption of monovalent cations onto Norway spruce: model studies using wood flour and LiCl solution. J. Wood Chem. Technol. 1–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02773813.2016.1253098. Search in Google Scholar

Kumar, R., Hu, F., Hubbell, C.A., Ragauskas, A.J., Wyman, C.E. (2013) Comparison of laboratory delignification methods, their selectivity and impacts on physiochemical characteristics of cellulosic biomass. Bioresour. Technol. 130:372–381. Search in Google Scholar

Lin, S.Y., Dence, C.W. Methods in Lignin Chemistry, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, 1992. Search in Google Scholar

Nada, A.M.A., Abd El-Mongy, S., Abd El-Sayed, E.S. (2009) Effect of different treatments on cellulose toward carboxylation and its application for metal ion absorption. Bioresources 4:80–93. Search in Google Scholar

Nzokou, P., Pascal Kamdem, D. (2005) X‐ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of red oak‐ (Quercus rubra), black cherry‐ (Prunus serotina) and red pine‐ (Pinus resinosa) extracted wood surfaces. Surf. Interface Anal. 37:689–694. Search in Google Scholar

Ofomaja, A.E. (2008) Kinetic study and sorption mechanism of methylene blue and methyl violet onto mansonia (Mansonia altissima) wood sawdust. Chem. Eng. J. 143:85–95. Search in Google Scholar

Ofomaja, A.E., Ho, Y.S. (2008) Effect of temperatures and pH on methyl violet biosorption by Mansonia wood sawdust. Bioresour. Technol. 99:5411–5417. Search in Google Scholar

Özacar, M., Şengil, İ.A. (2005a). A kinetic study of metal complex dye sorption onto pine sawdust. Process Biochem. 40:565–572. Search in Google Scholar

Özacar, M., Şengil, İ.A. (2005b). Adsorption of metal complex dyes from aqueous solutions by pine sawdust. Bioresour. Technol. 96:791–795. Search in Google Scholar

Palme, A., Idström, A., Nordstierna, L., Brelid, H. (2014) Chemical and ultrastructural changes in cotton cellulose induced by laundering and textile use. Cellulose 21:4681–4691. Search in Google Scholar

Rowell, R.M. (1980) Distribution of reacted chemicals in southern pine modified with methyl isocyanate. Wood Sci. 13:102–110. Search in Google Scholar

Šćiban, M., Klašnja, M., Škrbić, B. (2006) Modified softwood sawdust as adsorbent of heavy metal ions from water. J. Hazard Mater. 136:266–271. Search in Google Scholar

Sernek, M. Comparative analysis of inactivated wood surfaces. Ph.D. thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA, 2002. Search in Google Scholar

Shukla, A., Zhang, Y.H., Dubey, P., Margrave, J.L., Shukla, S.S. (2002) The role of sawdust in the removal of unwanted materials from water. J. Hazard Mater. 95:137–152. Search in Google Scholar

Theander, O., Westerlund, E.A. (1986) Studies on dietary fiber. 3. Improved procedures for analysis of dietary fiber. J. Agr. Food Chem. 34:330–336. Search in Google Scholar

Werkelin, J., Skrifvars, B-J., Zevenhoven, M., Holmbom, B., Huppa, M. (2010) Chemical forms of ash-forming elements in woody biomass fuels. Fuel 89:481–493. Search in Google Scholar

Xue, W., Kennepohl, P., Ruddick, J.N.R. (2015) Reacted copper (II) concentrations in earlywood and latewood of micronized copper-treated Canadian softwood species. Holzforschung 69:509–512. Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, C., Liu, R., Xiang, J., Kang, H., Liu, Z., Huang, Y. (2014) Dissolution mechanism of cellulose in N, N-dimethylacetamide/lithium chloride: revisiting through molecular interactions. J. Phys. Chem. B 118:9507–9514. Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2016-4-26
Accepted: 2017-1-23
Published Online: 2017-2-27
Published in Print: 2017-5-1

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston