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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 19, 2017

Enzymatic grafting of kraft lignin as a wood bio-protection strategy. Part 1: factors affecting the process

  • Carmen Fernández-Costas , Sabrina Palanti ORCID logo , María Ángeles Sanromán and Diego Moldes ORCID logo EMAIL logo
From the journal Holzforschung


Kraft lignin (KL) isolated from the black liquor of pulping has some antifungal potential. For investigation of this effect, KL was treated with laccase to form covalent bonds to green wood and the critical parameters for enzymatic grafting have been evaluated. The biocidal properties of KL could be confirmed. Growth inhibition of over 50% was found with lignin concentrations equal to or higher than 10 g l−1. The change of wood color was evaluated based on the CIEL*a*b* color system and the data served for evaluation of the effectiveness of the KL binding to wood. The grafting reaction time was the most important variable in the impregnation process. Significant degrees of grafting were achieved in 10 min when samples were left to air dry after impregnation. The color loss was 30% after wood extraction with acetone. Higher temperatures and enzymatic pre-activation did not have a significant effect. As a conclusion, the most suitable procedure for enzymatic grafting of KL onto wood is by air-drying of the impregnated materials.


This research has been financially supported by the Xunta de Galicia and by ERDF Funds (Projects EM2014/041 and GRC2013/003). C. Fernández-Costas is grateful to Universidade de Vigo (Research stays call (2014)) for financially supporting a stay at CNR-IVALSA. We are also grateful to ENCE, Novozymes and Foresa for providing raw materials and/or technical support.


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Received: 2016-7-11
Accepted: 2017-3-13
Published Online: 2017-4-19
Published in Print: 2017-8-28

©2017 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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