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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter October 20, 2018

Moisture-induced deformation in the neck of a classical guitar

  • Mariana Domnica Stanciu EMAIL logo , Voichița Bucur , Violeta Mihaela Munteanu , Sergiu Valeriu Georgescu and Silviu Marian Năstac
From the journal Holzforschung


Classical guitar necks were submitted to 40, 65 and 80% relative humidity (RH) during time periods ranging from 24 h to several months, and moisture-induced deformations were observed. Different types of classical guitar necks were investigated in terms of structure and reinforcement. The influences of the wood species and the neck reinforcements on the moisture content (MC)-induced deformation were in focus. First, before humidity exposure in the climatic chamber, the relative positions of three points marked on each sample were measured with a control ruler and noted. After exposure, the displacement of the reference points on the samples were verified periodically. The differences between the measurements in different stages and reference positions were calculated, resulting in relative displacement data of the measured points. During the experiments, the MC of the sample was monitored by weighing. The variation of RH leads to dimensional instability and moisture-induced stresses of the guitar necks, which affect the acoustic quality of a guitar. Steel enforcement of the guitar neck improves this situation.


We are grateful to Professor Ioan Curtu (1942–2016) who was senior researcher of the above mentioned project and for a life dedicated to wood science, education and training of engineers and researchers in Romania. We are grateful to the technical staff of factory S.C. Hora S.A Reghin- Romania, for supplying the specimens for these experiments.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: This paper was supported by Program partnership in priority domains – PNIII under the aegis of the Ministry of Research and Innovation and Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovating Funding from Romania, project no. PN-III-P2-2.1-BG-2016-0017/85 SINOPTIC.

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.


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Received: 2018-01-30
Accepted: 2018-09-17
Published Online: 2018-10-20
Published in Print: 2019-04-24

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