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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 4, 2019

Formation of heartwood, chemical composition of extractives and natural durability of plantation-grown teak wood from Mexico

  • Raúl Rodríguez Anda ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Gerald Koch , Hans-Georg Richter , Francisco Javier Fuentes Talavera , José Antonio Silva Guzmán and Kestur Gundappa Satyanarayana
From the journal Holzforschung

Abstract

Currently, there is an increasing interest in Mexico to grow teak in large-scale plantations. Teak is recognized for its natural durability combined with high mechanical strength. The present study aims at determining the quantitative and qualitative properties of teak wood for several age classes and provenances, originating mainly from three localities of south eastern Mexico, while the focus was on the extractives and the natural durability of teak samples. The percentage of heartwood (hW) formed by the plantation trees was within the range reported elsewhere for the corresponding age classes, while the hW% was in relation with the tree height and age. Further trends observed were: lower topo-chemical absorbance that was measured by ultraviolet microspectrophotometry (UMSP) of the inner hW compared to the outer hW; no clear correlation between the age and origin and the extractives’ composition accumulated in the hW; abundant presence of tectoquinone irrespective of the age and provenance; and finally, high resistance against white rot (WR) and brown rot (BR) fungi regardless of the age or provenance.

Acknowledgments

The authors thank the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for financial support, likewise Dr. Eduardo Salcedo, Dr. Juan Francisco Nátera, Ing. José Guadalupe Herández, Biol. Gerardo Figueroa and Quim. Hilda Palacios of the Department of Wood, Celullose and Paper of the University of Guadalajara for their technical assistance. The authors express their sincere thanks to the Director, Departamento de Madera, Celulosa y Papel, Universidad de Guadalajara, for his keen interest in this study.

  1. Research funding: The authors are grateful to the German Service of Academic Exchange (DAAD) for the financial support granted for the realization of the present investigation and the Johann Heinrich von Thünen Institut Holzforschung for the academic and infrastructure support during a 3-month stay in Germany.

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Received: 2018-05-08
Accepted: 2018-12-04
Published Online: 2019-02-04
Published in Print: 2019-06-26

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