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Fabrication of highly stable and durable furfurylated wood materials. Part I: process optimization

  • Wanju Li , Minghui Liu , Hankun Wang and Yan Yu EMAIL logo
From the journal Holzforschung


In order to improve dimensional stability and durability of wood, furfurylation of poplar and Chinese fir wood using newly developed furfuryl alcohol (FA) formulation combined with a common vacuum and pressure impregnation process was studied. An orthogonal experiment was designed to optimize the furfurylation process for the two wood species. The weight percent gain (WPG), equilibrium moisture content (EMC), anti-swelling efficiency (ASE), modulus of rupture (MOR), modulus of elasticity (MOE), as well as resistance to mold, decay fungi, and termites were evaluated. The results showed that nearly all the properties of the furfurylated wood could be improved to various extents. The average ASE of the furfurylated Chinese fir and poplar could reach as high as 80, 71, 92% and 79, 90, 75% in tangential and radial directions, and by volume, respectively, higher than most previously reported wood modification processes. Furthermore, the modified wood had excellent biological durability, with nearly 100% mold resistance, strong decay and termite resistance. Finally, processing parameters with 50% FA, 105–115 °C curing temperature, and 5–8 h curing time were therefore recommended for pilot-scale production of furfurylated poplar and Chinese fir wood based on range analysis.

Corresponding author: Yan Yu, College of Material and Engineering, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, 350002, Fuzhou, PR China; and Institute of New Bamboo and Rattan Based Materials, International Center for Bamboo and Rattan, 100102, Beijing, PR China, Email:

Funding source: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Award Identifier / Grant number: 31800474

Award Identifier / Grant number: 31770600

Funding source: National Key R&D Program of China

Award Identifier / Grant number: 2017YFD0600803

Funding source: State Special Research Fund of Forestry Public Welfare of China

Award Identifier / Grant number: 201404510


Dr. Guo Fei is highly appreciated for revising the manuscript.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: We are grateful for the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31800474, No. 31770600) and National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2017YFD0600803), as well as State Special Research Fund of Forestry Public Welfare of China (No. 201404510).

  3. Employment or leadership: None declared.

  4. Honorarium: None declared.


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Received: 2019-11-13
Accepted: 2020-03-04
Published Online: 2020-05-28
Published in Print: 2020-11-18

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