Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 31, 2020

Full-field tracking and analysis of shrinkage strain during moisture content loss in wood

Zongying Fu, Xiang Weng, Yufa Gao and Yongdong Zhou
From the journal Holzforschung


Anisotropic shrinkage is a typically feature in wood, which is of critical importance in wood drying. In this study, the shrinkage strains over each growth ring were determined by a full-field strain measurement system during moisture content (MC) loss. Color maps were used to visualize the full-field distribution of displacement and shrinkage strain under different MC conditions. The variation of tangential and radial shrinkage strain from pith to bark, as well as the anisotropic shrinkage in heartwood and sapwood were studied. Both of the displacement and strain values increased as the MC decreased. From pith to bark, the tangential strains were higher at two poles as compared to the center, showing a parabolic distribution below fiber saturation point. While for radial shrinkage strain, a minor difference was observed except for the MC of 10%. An intersection between tangential and radial shrinkage ratio curve was observed at the MC of 28%. Both expansion and shrinkage in tangential direction were larger than radial counterparts, and the transformation from expansion to shrinkage occurred at the MC region of 32–28%. In addition, the shrinkage in heartwood was larger than sapwood, whereas anisotropic shrinkage in sapwood was more pronounced as compared to heartwood.

Corresponding author: Yongdong Zhou, Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, 100091Beijing, PR China; and Key Laboratory of Wood Science and Technology, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, 100091Beijing, P.R. China, E-mail:

Funding source: Youth Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China

Award Identifier / Grant number: 31800478

  1. Author contribution: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: This work was financed by a grant-in-aid for scientific research from the Youth Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31800478).

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2020-04-04
Accepted: 2020-07-29
Published Online: 2020-08-31
Published in Print: 2021-05-26

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