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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter April 5, 2021

Natural durability and improved resistance of 20 Amazonian wood species after 30 years in ground contact

Fernando Nunes Gouveia ORCID logo, Marcelo Fontana da Silveira and Alencar Garlet
From the journal Holzforschung


This study aimed to assess the natural durability of 20 Amazonian wood species preserved with chromated copper arsenate (CCA) after 30 years in ground contact in an experimental field test at National Forest of Tapajós, Pará state - Brazil. Heartwood samples with a cross-section of 5 × 5 cm and 50 cm of length were half-buried in soil and inspected every year for decay. The species were classified according to natural durability following the classification method proposed by Findlay (Findlay, W.P.K. (1985). The nature and durability of wood. In: Findlay, W.P.K. (Ed.), Preservation of timber in the tropics. Springer Science, Whitchurch, pp. 1–13). After 30 years in ground test, six species were classified as Perishable, seven as Non-durable, three as Durable and four as Very durable, namely: Trichilia lecointei, Lecythis pisonis, Pseudopiptadenia suaveolens, and Dipteryx odorata (Very durable), Protium tenuifolium, Dinizia excelsa, and Ormosia paraensis (Durable), Endopleura uchi, Goupia glabra, Pouteria egregia, Tachigali chrysophylla, Tachigali paraensis, Vatairea sericea, and Vochysia maxima (Non-durable) and Chrysophyllum lucentifolium, Couratari oblongifolia, Didymopanax morototoni, Lueheopsis duckeana, Sterculia excelsa, and Xylopia nitida (Perishable). CCA preservative treatment was effective to promote timber protection, even under harsh climatic conditions of the Amazon forest environment.

Corresponding author: Fernando Nunes Gouveia, Forest Products Laboratory – LPF, Brazilian Forest Service – SFB,Av. L 4 Norte, SCEN Trecho 2, Brasilia, DF, Brazil, E-mail:

Funding source: Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources – IBAMA

Funding source: Brazilian Forest Service – SFB

Funding source: Forest Products Laboratory – LPF


We are especially grateful to Getúlio Ferreira de Almeida and Zenon Lopes de Sousa for their commitment and dedication along these years and the retired researchers and technicians who started this project.

  1. Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

  2. Research funding: We gratefully acknowledge the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources – IBAMA, the Brazilian Forest Service – SFB, and the Forest Products Laboratory – LPF for the financial support that enabled this work to be realized.

  3. Conflict of interest statement: The authors declare no conflicts of interest regarding this article.


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Received: 2020-08-06
Accepted: 2021-03-02
Published Online: 2021-04-05
Published in Print: 2021-10-26

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