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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 24, 2014

Meditation can produce beneficial effects to prevent cardiovascular disease

Marcia Kiyomi Koike and Roberto Cardoso

Abstract

Coronary heart disease is the major cause of global cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Lifestyle behaviour contributes as a risk factor: unhealthy diet, sedentary lifestyle, tobacco, alcohol, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and psychosocial stress. Atherosclerosis pathologic mechanisms involving oxidative stress, dyslipidemia, inflammation and senescence are associated with arterial wall damage and plaque formation. Stress reduction was observed in several types of meditation. After meditation, hormonal orchestration modulates effects in the central nervous system and in the body. All types of meditation are associated with blood pressure control, enhancement in insulin resistance, reduction of lipid peroxidation and cellular senescence, independent of type of meditation. This review presents scientific evidence to explain how meditation can produce beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, and particularly regarding vascular aspects.


Corresponding author: Marcia Kiyomi Koike, IAMSPE, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Av Ibirapuera, 981, 2° andar, São Paulo, Brazil, 04029–000, Phone: +55 11 9 9964–8421, Fax: +55 11 3061–7170, E-mail:

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Received: 2013-9-30
Accepted: 2014-4-17
Published Online: 2014-5-24
Published in Print: 2014-6-1

©2014 by De Gruyter

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