Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 7, 2020

The effectiveness of military physical exercise on irisin concentrations and oxidative stress among male healthy volunteers

Kazheen Hussein Jawzal, Suad Yousif Alkass, Alan Bapeer Hassan and Deldar Morad Abdulah ORCID logo

Abstract

Background

Irisin, a newly discovered hormone, is secreted into the circulation from skeletal muscles in response to physical exercise. The biochemical parameters related to irisin secretion have not been sufficiently investigated yet. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of exercise on the level of irisin and its correlation with biochemical and oxidative stress parameters.

Materials and methods

In this pre- and post-test observational study, 39 healthy male volunteers from a military training setting were followed up on between September and November 2015. The individuals who were included in this study were between 22 and 27 years old with an average age of 24. Those with inflammatory disorders or chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus were excluded from the study. The parameters were measured at the baseline, at 4 weeks, and at 8 weeks of intervention.

Results

The study found that the systolic and diastolic blood pressures substantially decreased after 8 weeks of intervention. The cholesterol-to-HDL ratio and glucose levels were significantly higher at the baseline compared to 8 weeks. Total protein and albumin were significantly higher following 4 weeks (0.25 and 0.21 g/dL) and 8 weeks (0.32 and 0.16 g/dL), respectively. Meanwhile, total globulin and irisin increased following 8 weeks of the intervention by only 0.16 g/dL and 0.41 μg/mL, respectively. The high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) decreased following 8 weeks (−0.81 μg/mL). The protein carbonyl (PC) decreased following 4 weeks by only 0.34 nmol/L.

Conclusions

This study demonstrated that military training enhanced irisin hormone secretion following 8 weeks of military exercise.


Corresponding author: Deldar Morad Abdulah, Master in Public Health (Australia), Community Health Unit: College of Nursing, University of Duhok, Duhok, Iraqi Kurdistan. Phone: +964 7507443319, E-mail: . Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=q52Dbf4AAAAJ&hl=en.

  1. Research Funding: None declared.

  2. Conflict of interest: None declared.

  3. Informed Consent: The subjects voluntarily participated in the study. Written consent was taken from all the subjects prior to biochemical measurements.

  4. Ethical Approval: The ethical approval of this protocol was obtained from the local health ethics committee.

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Received: 2020-01-22
Accepted: 2020-02-28
Published Online: 2020-05-07

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