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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter January 28, 2015

A universal mechanism for transport and regulation of CPA sodium proton exchangers

  • Octavian Călinescu and Klaus Fendler EMAIL logo
From the journal Biological Chemistry


Recent studies performed on a series of Na+/H+ exchangers have led us to postulate a general mechanism for Na+/H+ exchange in the monovalent cation/proton antiporter superfamily. This simple mechanism employs a single binding site for which both substrates compete. The developed kinetic model is self-regulatory, ensuring down-regulation of transport activity at extreme pH, and elegantly explains the pH-dependent activity of Na+/H+ exchangers. The mechanism was experimentally verified and shown to describe both electrogenic and electroneutral exchangers. Using a small number of parameters, exchanger activity can be modeled under different conditions, providing insights into the physiological role of Na+/H+ exchangers.

Corresponding author: Klaus Fendler, Department of Biophysical Chemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics, Max-von-Laue-Str. 3, D-60438 Frankfurt/Main, Germany, e-mail:


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Received: 2014-11-28
Accepted: 2015-1-26
Published Online: 2015-1-28
Published in Print: 2015-9-1

©2015 by De Gruyter

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