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BY-NC-ND 3.0 license Open Access Published by De Gruyter March 12, 2014

Effect of Rare Earth Yttrium on the Hot Ductility of Fe-36Ni Invar Alloy

  • Y. C. Yu EMAIL logo , H. T. Liu , W. Q. Chen and H. G. Zheng


The hot ductility of Fe-36Ni invar alloy doped with and without yttrium was investigated using a Gleeble-3800 thermal-mechanical simulator over the temperature range 850–1050 °C and the improvement mechanism of the hot ductility was analysed with a combination of SEM, EDS and OM. The results showed that Fe-36Ni invar alloy had a poor hot ductility below 1050 °C, which was mainly attributed to the presence of the grain boundary sliding and weak grain boundaries. The addition of 0.048% yttrium had a substantial improvement in the hot ductility of Fe-36Ni invar alloy over the whole testing temperature range especially at 950–1000 °C. At 850–900 °C, the improvement of the hot ductility was mainly associated with the grain boundary strengthening and the restriction of the grain boundary sliding because the addition of yttrium could reduce the segregation of sulfur at grain boundaries and refine the grain structure. At 950–1000 °C, the hot ductility was highly improved, which was owed to the acceleration and occurrence of dynamic recrystallization as a result of the refinement of the grain structure by addition of yttrium.

PACS: 81.40
Received: 2013-12-23
Accepted: 2013-12-26
Published Online: 2014-3-12
Published in Print: 2014-12-1

©2014 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Munich/Boston

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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