Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter March 8, 2017

Constitutionality of the Agreement between the Foreign Affairs Ministers of the Republic of Korea and Japan on the Issue of ‘Comfort Women’ on 28 December 2015

Seung Ju Bang
From the journal ICL Journal

Abstract

On 28 December 2015, Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byung-se and Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida held a meeting at the Korean Foreign Ministry in Seoul and announced that they had reached an agreement to resolve the so-called ’comfort women’ issue, who were forcibly drafted into sexual slavery by the Japanese imperial army in World War II. But the agreement’s binding effect and constitutionality are highly controversial. This agreement violates not only the principle of the statutory or parliamentary reservation by the restriction of the basic rights and the power of the National Assembly to consent to the treaty pursuant to Article 60 (1) of the Constitution, but also infringes the constitutional rights of the ‘comfort women’ victims, such as the right to human dignity, the right to know, and the right to property. This article provides a review of current and potential constitutional litigation regarding the agreement, including the claim that has already been brought by the comfort women survivors, and potential suits concerning the competence dispute and impeachment by the National Assembly.

Published Online: 2017-3-8
Published in Print: 2016-12-1

© 2017 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston