Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 9, 2020

Habitual auxiliaries in Ancient Greek

Ezra la Roi EMAIL logo


This article discusses the grammaticalization of the habitual auxiliaries εἴωθα, φιλέω, ἐθέλω and νομίζω in Archaic and Classical Greek. I aim to (1) provide a more complete understanding of the Ancient Greek expressions of habituality; (2) distinguish clearly between habitual aspect and (possibly diachronically) related semantic categories such as iterativity and genericity; (3) demonstrate the usefulness of grammaticalization and collocation criteria to measure the relative degree of grammaticalization of the habitual auxiliaries. I argue that their degree of grammaticalization can be measured by whether they have developed past uses, undergone a diachronic collocation shift to inanimate subjects and, subsequently, stative infinitives, and whether they have acquired an anti-present implicature. Finally, I suggest that habitual ἐθέλω occurred already in Archaic Greek and was the source for the futurity use that it developed in Classical Greek.

Online erschienen: 2020-11-09
Erschienen im Druck: 2020-11-01

© 2020 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 29.1.2023 from
Scroll Up Arrow