Skip to content
Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 9, 2020

Habitual auxiliaries in Ancient Greek

  • Ezra la Roi EMAIL logo


This article discusses the grammaticalization of the habitual auxiliaries εἴωθα, φιλέω, ἐθέλω and νομίζω in Archaic and Classical Greek. I aim to (1) provide a more complete understanding of the Ancient Greek expressions of habituality; (2) distinguish clearly between habitual aspect and (possibly diachronically) related semantic categories such as iterativity and genericity; (3) demonstrate the usefulness of grammaticalization and collocation criteria to measure the relative degree of grammaticalization of the habitual auxiliaries. I argue that their degree of grammaticalization can be measured by whether they have developed past uses, undergone a diachronic collocation shift to inanimate subjects and, subsequently, stative infinitives, and whether they have acquired an anti-present implicature. Finally, I suggest that habitual ἐθέλω occurred already in Archaic Greek and was the source for the futurity use that it developed in Classical Greek.

Online erschienen: 2020-11-09
Erschienen im Druck: 2020-11-01

© 2020 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin/Boston

Downloaded on 1.12.2023 from
Scroll to top button