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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 28, 2019

Does smartphone addiction affect social interaction: a study among dental students in Hyderabad

Nitya Krishna ORCID logo, Dolar Doshi, Suhas Kulkarni, Madupu Padma Reddy, Adepu Srilatha and Dantala Satyanarayana

Abstract

Objective

Technology has revolutionized the way people communicate and changed communication in many ways. The evolution of the smartphone may shed some light on this. Though smartphones are user friendly, they can be detrimental to a user’s health if they are used in an addictive manner. With easy accessibility to smartphones, dental students may fall prey to smartphone addiction (SA) which in turn may affect their social interaction. Therefore, this paper aimed to examine whether SA affects social interaction.

Materials and methods

A cross-sectional survey was conducted among undergraduate dental students from five dental institutions in Hyderabad. Participants received a questionnaire assessing SA [15 item-Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale (SAPS-15)], social interaction [20 item-Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS) ). The chi-square (χ2)-test was used to determine the association between SA and social interaction anxiety. p ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results

The study comprised 470 (30.7%) males and 1060 (69.3%) females. Multiple logistic regression revealed females [1.65; confidence interval (CI) = 0.88–1.88] and third year students (2.12; CI: 1.45–2.23) had significantly higher odds for social interaction anxiety (p ≤ 0.05*).

Conclusion

Therefore, the present study supported the hypothesis that SA affects social interaction anxiety among undergraduate dental students.

  1. Conflict of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Received: 2018-12-23
Accepted: 2019-01-24
Published Online: 2019-12-28

©2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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