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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 19, 2019

The effect of child-parent relationship therapy on social skills of Preschool Children: a semi-experimental study

  • Nahid Hosseini , Golbahar Akhoundzadeh EMAIL logo and Hamid Hojjati ORCID logo


Background and objective

Playing games for children is an instinct needed for ensuring happiness, it is a language for communication and self-expression, and a way to learn new things. Therefore, the present study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of child-parent relationship therapy (CPRT) on the social skills of preschool children.


An experimental study with a pretest-posttest design was conducted on 60 preschool children in Kordkuy City, Golestan Province, Iran in 2017 by using a simple random sampling method in both the experimental and control groups. Routine preschool education was performed in the control group and in the experimentalgroup it was done based on play therapy protocol in 10 sessions for 45–60 min. The social skills questionnaire authored by Gresham and Elliott was used as a data gathering tool. The data were analyzed by SPSS 16.


An analysis of variance (ANOVA) test showed a significant difference between the scores of the experimental and control groups, which suggests that the CPRT model, a short-term plan of parental play therapy, can improve social skills in preschool children (p = 0/001).


Regarding the effectiveness of the CPRT, it is recommended that this method be used is an interactive-educational way in preschool centers of Iran.


The present research is adopted from the Master’s thesis of Ms. Nahid Hosseini, a pediatric nursing student at the Islamic Azad University in Aliabad-e Katul with the code of ethics: IR.IAU.SHAHROOD.REC.1397.006. Hereby, special thanks go to the supervisors and consultants of the present research, officials and staff of the education and Amin, Alborz and Kodakan-e Sharghi preschool centers in Kordkuy city and all the parents and children who participated in this study and helped us to implement the project.

  1. Conflict of interests: There is no conflict of interest.

  2. Ethical approval: The present research is adopted from the master’s thesis of Ms. Nahid Hosseini, pediatric nursing student in Islamic Azad University in Aliabad-e Katul with the code of ethics: IR.IAU.SHAHROOD.REC.1397.006.

  3. Funding/support: There is no funding/support for this study.


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Received: 2019-07-05
Accepted: 2019-07-21
Published Online: 2019-11-19

© 2019 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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