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Sleep disturbance and depression in adolescence: an integrative review of literature

Janaína M. G. F. Tolêdo, Jessica Fernanda de Oliveira Lima Batista ORCID logo, Maria Carlla A. Lyra, Marco Aurélio de V. C. Júnior, Marcos André M. dos Santos and Mônica V. Heimer


This study investigated the association between sleep disorders and depression in adolescents, PubMed/MedLine, SciELO and Lilacs databases were consulted, with an interval of 7 years (2013–2019), in English, Portuguese and Spanish. An integrative review was carried out where after analyzing the inclusion criteria, 616 articles were selected for reading titles and abstracts and 94 of these were selected for full reading. After the full reading, 15 articles were elected to be part of this review. Results show that both sleep disorders are risk factors for depression, as depression can be a risk factor for sleep disorders. Insomnia was the most frequent sleep disorder in adolescence, besides being considered a public health problem. It is concluded that sleep disorders and depressive symptoms are associated and present with great frequency in the adolescent public.

Corresponding author: Jessica Fernanda de Oliveira Lima Batista, School of Dentistry, University of Pernambuco (FOP/UPE), Camaragibe, PE, Brazil; and Gov. Agamemnon Magalhães Avenue – Santo Amaro, Recife, 50100-010, PE, Brazil, Phone: +55 (81) 3183 3674,

Funding source: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel


This article was carried out with the support of the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel – Brazil (CAPES) – Financing Code 001. In addition, the authors state explicitly that there are no conflicts of interest.

  1. Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Received: 2019-10-31
Accepted: 2020-01-14
Published Online: 2020-06-05

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