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Cardiovascular health indicators in soccer exercise during adolescence: systematic review

Heloyse Elaine Gimenes Nunes, Evelinn Amarilha Faria, Paula Felippe Martinez and Silvio Assis de Oliveira-Júnior ORCID logo


This review analyzed the studies that evaluated cardiovascular health indicators (blood pressure, waist circumference, heart rate, glucose index and lipid blood) in recreational soccer players during adolescence, and identify possible associated factors. The search was performed in the electronic databases (PubMED, SciELO, LILACS, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science). Inclusion criteria were: population composed of children and/or adolescents (10–19 years or average age up to 19 years); studies adolescents engaged in recreational soccer regularly and observational studies with cross-sectional or longitudinal design. The process of analysis of studies involved reading titles, abstracts and full texts. After these phases, seven articles were eligible. Regarding the design, all studies were cross-sectional. Of the total studies included, five presented moderate methodological quality values and two presented low methodological quality values, according to National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute instrument. The most cardiovascular health indicators used in recreational soccer players during adolescence was waist circumference; three studies analyzed heart rate, two evaluated blood pressure, one analyzed insulin resistance and none of the included studies analyzed lipid profile. Factors associated were analyzed in four studies, being that sedentary time and body mass index (BMI) present association with at least one indicator of cardiovascular health.

Corresponding author: Silvio Assis de Oliveira-Júnior, Laboratório de Estudo do Músculo Estriado (LEME), Instituto Integrado de Saúde (INISA/UFMS), Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul, Av. Costa e Silva, s/n, Cidade Universitária, Universitário, s/n, 19070-900, Campo Grande, MS, Brazil, Phone: +55 67 3345 7768, Fax: +55 67 3345 7967, E-mail:

Funding source: Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul

Funding source: Fundação de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento do Ensino, Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul

Award Identifier / Grant number: 71/700.126/2018

Funding source: Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior

  1. Research funding: This research was funded by Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS), Fundação de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento do Ensino, Ciência e Tecnologia do Estado de Mato Grosso do Sul (FUNDECT), and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) – Financial Code 001.


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Received: 2020-12-16
Accepted: 2021-03-07
Published Online: 2021-04-07

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