Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 10, 2015

Effect of Drum Drying on Physico-chemical Characteristics of Dragon Fruit Peel (Hylocereus polyrhizus)

S.L. Chia and G.H. Chong

Abstract

Dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel is high in antioxidants and fiber; however, it is discarded during processing. In this study, changes in physico-chemical properties of dragon fruit peel after drum drying were determined. Ground dragon fruit peel was drum dried at 1 rpm with 2 bar steam pressure, then analyzed for physical, chemical and functional properties. The betacyanin content was twofold higher in drum-dried powder (41.55 mg/g dm) than in a fresh sample (80.21 mg/g dm), yet up to 98.62% of the total phenolic content was retained with a 3.328 mg trolox/g dm reduction in the radical scavenging activity. The density of the powder was 0.1315 g/mL with 51.44% soluble in water. The functional properties determined included water holding capacity (2.523 g water/g sample), oil holding capacity (3.565 g oil/g sample) and swelling capacity (6.233 mL/g). The results of this study indicate that drum-dried dragon fruit peel can be considered to contain potentially functional ingredients.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Madam Sun Dragon Fruit Farm for providing raw materials for this study.

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Published Online: 2015-2-10
Published in Print: 2015-4-1

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