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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 19, 2021

Performance analysis and comparison of methyl-modified Al2O3/SiO2 xerogels fabricated by two methods

  • Jing Yang EMAIL logo , Xi Wang , Yamei Zhao , Ruihua Mu , Bo Li and Haiyun Hou


Two methyl-modified Al2O3/SiO2 xerogels, i. e. AIP-Al2O3/MSiO2 and ANN-Al2O3/MSiO2 xerogels, were prepared using aluminum isopropoxide and aluminum nitrate nonahydrate as the aluminum precursors, respectively. The appearance, density, viscosity, Gibbs activation energy for viscous flow and reaction rate constant of the sols were analyzed and compared. Their microstructures were characterized by means of powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen adsorption–desorption measurements. The results show that the Al–O–Si bond is formed in the AIP-Al2O3/MSiO2 and ANN-Al2O3/MSiO2 xerogels. The ANN-Al2O3/MSiO2 sol has a smaller mean particle size and greater sol stability than the AIP-Al2O3/MSiO2 sol. Meanwhile, the ANN-Al2O3/MSiO2 xerogel has a smaller pore size and higher porosity. The total pore volume and specific surface area of the ANN-Al2O3/MSiO2 xerogel are 27.27% and 29.36% larger than those of the AIP-Al2O3/ MSiO2 sample, respectively. The saturated adsorption capacity of the ANN-Al2O3/MSiO2 xerogel to methylene blue is 7.15% larger than that of the AIP-Al2O3/MSiO2 xerogel.

Dr. Jing Yang P. O. Box: 150 No. 19 Jinhua South Road Xi’an P. R. China Tel.: +86 296 277 9357

Award Identifier / Grant number: [No. 21573171]

Funding statement: This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China [No. 21573171]; the Scientific Research Project of Shaanxi Education Department, China [No. 19JC017]; the Xi’an Municipal Science and Technology Project, China [No. 2020 KJRC0025]; and the Scientific Research Project of Shaanxi province, China [2020SF-421].

  1. Compliance with ethical standards

    Conflict of interest The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Received: 2020-05-05
Accepted: 2020-09-08
Published Online: 2021-02-19

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston, Germany

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