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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter December 30, 2021

Novel homo-epitaxial approaches in solvothermal synthesis for preparing surface tethered uni-directionally oriented zinc oxide micro and nano structured arrays

Anas Shereef, Shajesh Palantavida, Marottikunnathu Raman Chandran, Kiran Mohan and Solaiappan Ananthakumar

Abstract

Surface aligned, uni-directionally grown, hexagonal nanorod bundles and microrod pillared arrays of zinc oxide (ZnO), were synthesized through a simple, homo-epitaxial growth approach. A uniform layer of ZnO seed was initially prepared on cleaned glass substrates by dip coating and calcination. Uni-directionally oriented ZnO micro– nano structures were subsequently developed on the seeded glass substrates through solvothermal methods, by employing equi-molar solutions of zinc nitrate and hexamethylenetetramine. The reaction parameters that control the surface morphologies and crystal orientations were explored. A solution exchange process was also carried out to prepare perpendicularly aligned ZnO nanorod arrays. The structural and functional features of the resultant samples were studied and discussed with the help of X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and photoluminescence spectrophotometry. A plausible structure dependent growth mechanism of the morphologically varied ZnO was also proposed.


Dr. Anas Shereef Assistant Professor & Head Department of Chemistry TKM College of Arts and Science Research Centre – University of Kerala Karicode Kollam – 691005 Kerala India Tel.: +91-9447926654 Fax: +91-471-2711817

Funding statement: The authors are thankful to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Department of Science and Technology (FIST-SR/FST/College-213/2014(C), University Grants Commission (MRP (S) – 0713/13-14/KLKE020/UGC – SWRO) for the financial and facility supports.

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Received: 2020-05-29
Accepted: 2020-09-08
Published Online: 2021-12-30

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