Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 8, 2021

Investigation on the tool worn surface morphology and machining characteristics of the Hardox steel using minimum quantity lubrication

L. Mamundi Azaath and U. Natarajan


In recent years, minimum quantity lubrication machining has played a critical role in extending tool life, improving surface finish, and reducing tool wear during the machining of hardened steel. The reported investigation involved the utility of Hardox 500 steel for the machining process while the cubic boron nitride coated tool performed the function of removing the material. The investigation was carried out by adopting two different techniques to predict the responses, viz., the response surface methodology and the artificial neural network. These techniques have been employed to predict the possible responses in investigating machining characteristics. Also, due consideration has been made concerning the reduction of tool-tip temperature and surface roughness. The entire investigation was carried out using three different environments. They are dry machining, wet, and minimum quantity lubrication. A scanning electron microscope was used for examining the morphology of the worn tool surface.

L. Mamundi Azaath Assistant Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering Mount Zion College of Engineering and Technology Pudukkottai – 622507 Tamilnadu India Tel.: +91-9865687649


[1] S.R. Maity, S. Chakraborty: Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 78 (2015) 1537. DOI 10.1007/s00170–014–6760–0. DOI:10.1007/s00170-014-6552-6 Search in Google Scholar

[2] R.S. Pawade, S.S. Joshi, P.K. Brahmankar, M. Rahman: J. Mater. Process. Technol. 192–193 (2007) 139. DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2007.04.049 Search in Google Scholar

[3] A. kacal, F. Yıldırım: Acta. Polytech. Hung.10(2013)169. DOI:10.12700/APH.10.08.2013.8.11 Search in Google Scholar

[4] H. Aouici, M.A. Yallesse, B. Fnides, T.Mabrouki: Mechanika 86 (2010) 71. Search in Google Scholar

[5] M. Nayak, R. Sehgel, R.K. Sharma: Indian J. Mater. Sci.(2015) 12. DOI:10.1155/2015/196178 Search in Google Scholar

[6] M.A. Sampaio, A.R. Machado, C.A.H. Laurindo, R.D. Torres, F.L. Amorim: Int.J.Adv.Manuf.Technol.98 (2018) 959. DOI:10.1007/s00170-018-2342-x Search in Google Scholar

[7] A. Rivero, G. Aramendi, S. Herranz, L.N.L. Lacalle: Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 28 (2006) 1. DOI:10.1007/s00170-004-2349-3 Search in Google Scholar

[8] V.N. Gaitonde, S.R. Karnik, J. Paulo Davim: J.Mater.Process.Technol.204 (2008) 459. DOI:10.1016/j.jmatProtec.2007.11.193 Search in Google Scholar

[9] A. Attanasio, M. Gelfi, C. Giardini, C. Remino: Wear 260 (2006) 333. DOI:10.1016/j.wear.2005.04.024 Search in Google Scholar

[10] M.N. Babu, V. Anandan, N. Muthukrishnan, M. Santhanakumar: Measurement 138 (2019) 681. DOI:10.1016/j.measurement.2019.01.064 Search in Google Scholar

[11] P.B. Patole, V.V. Kulkarni: Manufacturing Rev.5 (2018)112. DOI:10.1051/mfreview/2018002 Search in Google Scholar

[12] R.Q. Sardinas, M.R. Santana, E.A. Brindis: Eng.Appl.Artif.Intell.19 (2006) 127. DOI:10.1016/j.engappai.2005.06.007 Search in Google Scholar

[13] Ulas, H. Basri, Ozkan, M. Tolga: Indian J. Eng. Mater. S. 26 (2019) 93. Search in Google Scholar

[14] S. Tasdemir: Int.J.Intell.Syst.Appl.Eng. 6 (2018) 92. DOI:10.18201/ijisae.2018637937 Search in Google Scholar

[15] A. Zerti, M. Yallese, O. Zerti, M. Nouioua, R. Khettabi: Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part C. 223 (2019) 4439. DOI:10.1177/0954406218820557 Search in Google Scholar

[16] H. Song, G. Ren, J. Dan, J. Li, Junfeng Xiao, Jianfeng Xu : Silicon 11 (2018)1903. DOI:10.1007/s12633-018-0010-2 Search in Google Scholar

[17] S.K. Thangarasu, S. Shankar, T. Mohanraj, K .Devendran: Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. Part C 234 (2019) 329. DOI:10.1177/0954406219873932 Search in Google Scholar

[18] I. Sharmin, N.R. Dhar: AIP Conference Proceedings 1980 (2018). DOI:10.1063/1.5044287 Search in Google Scholar

[19] R. Kumar, A.K. Sahoo, R.K. Das, A. Panda, P.C. Mishra: Procedia Manuf. 20 (2018) 406. DOI:10.1016/j.promfg.2018.02.059 Search in Google Scholar

[20] N. Senthilkumar, T. Tamizharasan: Aus. J.Mech. Eng.13(2015) 31. DOI:10.7158/M13-045.2015.13.1 Search in Google Scholar

[21] Y.M. Tamayo, R.F.B. Reyna, R.J.L. Bustamante, Y.Z. Hernández, K.M.L. Cedeño, H.C.T.Herrera: Ingeniare. Rev. chil. ing. 26 (2018)97. DOI:10.4067/S0718-33052018000100097 Search in Google Scholar

[22] Z. Jurkovic, G. Cukor, M. Brezocnik, T. Brajkovic: J. Intell. Manuf. 29(2016)1683. DOI:10.1007/s10845-016-1206-1 Search in Google Scholar

[23] M. Madić, M.Radovanović : J. Braz. Soc. Mech. Sci. Eng. 35 (2013) 111. DOI:10.1007/s40430-013-0012-3 Search in Google Scholar

[24] M. Manohar, T. Selvaraj, D. Sivakumar, K.M. George: J.Adv.Manuf.Syst.14 (2015) 203. DOI:10.1142/S0219686715500134 Search in Google Scholar

[25] W. Chien, C. YiChou: J.Mater.Process.Technol.118 (2001)442. DOI:10.1016/S0924-0136(01)00875-5 Search in Google Scholar

[26] B. Dhanasekar, B. Ramamoorthy: Tribol.Int. 43 (2010)268. DOI:10.1016/j.triboint.2009.05.030 Search in Google Scholar

[27] H. Tebassi, M.A. Yallese, I. Meddour, F. Girardin, T. Mabrouki: Period. Polytech. Mech. Eng.61(2017)1. DOI:10.3311/PPme.8742 Search in Google Scholar

[28] S. Marichamy, B. Stalin, M. Ravichandran, G.T. Sudha: Mater. Today: Proc. 24 (2020) 1400. DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2020.04.458 Search in Google Scholar

[29] J. Rajaparthiban, S. Saravanavel, M. Ravichandran, K. Vijayakumar, B. Stalin: Mater. Today: Proc. 24 (2020) 1282. DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2020.04.443 Search in Google Scholar

[30] B. Stalin, P. Ramesh Kumar, M. Ravichandran, M. Siva Kumar, M. Meignanamoorthy: Mater. Res.Express 6(2019). DOI:10.1088/2053-1591/ab3d90 Search in Google Scholar

[31] J. Rajaparthiban,M. Ravichandran, B. Stalin, P.R. Kumar, V. Mohanavel: Mater. Today: Proc. 22 (2020) 2559. DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2020.03.386 Search in Google Scholar

[32] B. Stalin, P.R. Kumar, M. Ravichandran, S. Saravanan: Mater. Res. Express 5 (2018). DOI:10.1088/2053-1591/aad99c Search in Google Scholar

[33] G.T. Sudha, B. Stalin, M. Ravichandran: Mater.Res.Express 6 (2019). DOI:10.1088/2053-1591/ab2cef Search in Google Scholar

[34] S. Marichamy, M. Saravanan, M. Ravichandran, B. Stalin: Int. J. Mech. Mech. Eng. 21 (2017) 57. Search in Google Scholar

[35] B. Stalin, G.T. Sudha, M. Ravichandran: Mater. Today: Proc. 22 (2020) 2622. DOI:10.1016/j.matpr.2020.03.393 Search in Google Scholar

[36] A. Athijayamani, B. Stalin, G. Sundararajan, K. Sathish Kumar: Int. J. Mech. Eng. Res. 5 (2015) 24. Search in Google Scholar

[37] M. Nouioua, M.A. Yallese, R. Khettabi, S. Belhadi, M.L. Bouhalais, F. Girardin : Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.93 (2017) 2485. DOI:10.1007/s00170-017-0589-2 Search in Google Scholar

[38] T. Taweel, S.A. Gouda: Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol.53 (2011) 181. DOI:10.1007/s00170-010-2809-x Search in Google Scholar

[39] G. Derringer, R. Suich: J. Qual. Technol.12 (1980) 214. DOI:10.1080/00224065.1980.11980968 Search in Google Scholar

[40] M.B. Davanageri, S. Narendranath, R. Kadoli: Silicon 11 (2019) 1023. DOI:10.1007/s12633-018-9908-y Search in Google Scholar

[41] N.R. Dhar, M. Kamaruzzaman, M. Ahamed: J.Mater.Process.Technol.172 (2006) 299. DOI:10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.09.022 Search in Google Scholar

[42] W. Akhtar, J. Sun, P. Sun, W. Chen, Zawar Saleem: Front.Mech. Eng.9 (2014)106. DOI:10.1007/s11465-014-0301-2 Search in Google Scholar

Received: 2020-07-11
Accepted: 2021-01-15
Published Online: 2021-05-08
Published in Print: 2021-05-31

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston, Germany