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Review on the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of titanium implant: The role of niobium alloying element

  • Ahmad Farrahnoor and Hussain Zuhailawati EMAIL logo


Biomedical titanium alloys with elastic moduli close to that of cortical bone have gained great attention in the field of bone implantation. A low modulus is desirable in an implant to prevent stress shielding, which usually leads to critical clinical issues, such as bone resorption and implant loosening. The use of β-type titanium with nontoxic alloying elements, such as niobium, as a novel candidate of implant material for replacing failed hard tissues has shown great potential. This review describes a titanium implant application alloyed with niobium and the mechanical properties and bioactivity of various titanium alloys sintered at different temperatures.

Prof. Ir. Ts. Dr. Zuhailawati Hussain School of Materials and Mineral Resources Engineering Universiti Sains Malaysia 14300 Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang Malaysia Tel. : +60 45995258 Fax : +60 45996907 Web :


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Received: 2020-08-26
Accepted: 2021-03-01
Published Online: 2021-06-22
Published in Print: 2021-05-31

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston, Germany

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