Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter July 5, 2021

Effects of impregnating PTFE filled with added graphite on wear behavior of sintered bronze plain bearings

Kadir Güngör and Ahmet Demirer

Abstract

In this study, self-lubricating porous bronze plain bearing samples were manufactured differently from conventional plain bearings and the wear behaviours were investigated. Plain bearing samples were manufactured by sintering of pre-alloyed spherical CuSn11 bronze powders with grain size of 100– 200 μm. Then, special polymeric composite mixtures were prepared as PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) and graphite (GR) additive PTFE mixtures. The GR additive PTFE mixtures were prepared by addition of the GR powder with an average particle size of 200 μm at ratios of 10 wt.% and 20 wt.% into the PTFE solution. Next, the polymeric composite mixtures were impregnated into the porous structure of samples by the spray pulverization coating method. The purpose of the impregnation process was to minimise wear at a longer sliding distance by the gain of self-lubricating property to the samples. The plain bearing samples were produced as three different types (PTFE, PTFE + 10% GR and PTFE + 20% GR). Wear tests were carried out using a plain bearing test rig at different sliding speeds (0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 m s–1) and under applied loads (30, 50 and 70 N). Wear values were determined as weight loss of the samples. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy were used for the wear analysis of the samples. The results show that the mixtures of PTFE with GR significantly reduced the wear loses of plain bearing surfaces under dry sliding conditions. The PTFE + 10% GR sample had the lowest wear loss under 0.5 m s–1 sliding speed and 30 N applied load conditions after 2.5 hour in comparison with other samples. In other words, the PTFE + 10% GR sample showed lower wear than (31.25%) PTFE sample (without GR additive) and (2.65%) PTFE + 20% GR sample. Also, the wear loss of the PTFE + 20% GR sample (3.67 mg) was slightly increased (difference 1.27 mg/53%) compared to the PTFE + 10% GR sample (2.40 mg) under average load and sliding speed conditions.


Dr. Kadir Güngör Department of Machine and Metal Technologies of Porsuk Vocational School Eskisehir Technical University Osmangazi Mah. Basin Sehitleri Cad. No:152 26140 Odunpazarı/Eskişehir Turkey Tel.: +90 222 224 13 89

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Received: 2020-09-01
Accepted: 2021-04-26
Published Online: 2021-07-05
Published in Print: 2021-08-31

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