Accessible Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 18, 2021

Preparation and characterization of dried cellulose nanofibrils

Jianping Ni, Chen Gong, Zhenghua Su and Chao Tian

Abstract

One of the main manufacturing challenges is to obtain dried cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) so that they can be cost effectively transported to customers. This work presents a study on using two methods of drying: freeze drying and spray drying; these dried CNFs were then characterized. The dried CNFs from either freeze drying or spray drying could not recover their original state after simple re-dispersion in water. Compared to spray dried CNFs, the microstructure of the freeze dried CNFs remained in a better shape. This was because the packing of nanofibrils as a result of freeze drying was not as tight as that from spray drying. It was demonstrated by the lower final mass residue and crystallinity of the freeze-dried CNFs, which led to better re-dispersion in water. X-ray diffractometry proved the occurrence of aggregation/hornification of the dried CNFs with increased crystallinity. Time-dependent sedimentation confirmed that the dried CNFs were incapable of forming stable water-re-dispersible suspensions.


Chao Tian, Ph D China National Pulp and Paper Research Institute Co., LTD Building 2, No. 4, Qiyang Road Chaoyang District Beijing, 100102 P. R. China Tel.: +86-10-64778086 Fax: +86-10-64778084 Web: www.cnppri.com

Funding statement: The authors gratefully acknowledge financial support from Demonstration of Hemicellulose Extraction Technology from Pulping Hydrolysate and Xylose Preparation (2017YFB0307904), the team project of Pulp and Environment Technology R&D Center at China National Pulp and Paper Research Institute Co., Ltd.

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Received: 2020-10-16
Accepted: 2021-04-21
Published Online: 2021-08-18
Published in Print: 2021-08-31

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