Accessible Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter August 6, 2021

Si3N4/Graphene binary particles reinforced hybrid titanium composites and their characterization

Tugba Mutuk and Mevlüt Gürbüz


This study reports on silicon nitride (Si3N4) and graphene nanoplatelets binary powder reinforced hybrid titanium composites obtained by a powder metallurgy method. Si3N4 powder was added at 3 wt.% and graphene nanoplatelets were added in various amounts (0.15, 0.30, 0.45, 0.60 wt.%) in the titanium matrix. Density, micro-Vickers hardness, compressive behavior, wear properties and microstructure of the hybrid composites were evaluated. Addition of different percentages of graphene nanoplatelets and 3 wt.% Si3N4 to the titanium matrix composites significantly enhanced mechanical properties. The highest hardness (634 HV) and compressive strength (1458 MPa) values were measured for 0.15 wt.% graphene nanoplatelets and 3 wt.% Si3N4 added titanium hybrid composite. The lowest mass loss and wear rate (Δm = 4 mg, W = 6.1×10–5 mm3 (N m)–1) values were measured for the same 0.15 wt.% graphene nanoplatelets and 3 wt.% Si3N4 added titanium hybrid composite compared with pure Ti.

Dr Tugba Mutuk Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering Ondokuz Mayis University Samsun 55200 Turkey Tel.: +90 362 1919


This study has been fully supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) under Project No: 217M154.


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Received: 2020-10-16
Accepted: 2021-06-11
Published Online: 2021-08-06
Published in Print: 2021-09-30

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