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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter May 8, 2021

Synthesis of Al/Cu core–shell particles through optimization of galvanic replacement method in alkaline solution

  • Rashid Ali , Fahad Ali EMAIL logo , Aqib Zahoor , Rub Nawaz Shahid , Naeem ul HaqTariq , Saad Ullah , Arshad Mahmood , Attaullah Shah and Hasan Bin Awais


In this work, Al/Cu core–shell particles were successfully synthesized through an optimized galvanic replacement method. For this purpose, a uniform and dense copper layer was deposited on aluminum particles in an alkaline solution. The effects of four deposition factors, i. e. (i) molar ratio EDTA-2Na/CuSO4 · 5H2O, (ii) molar ratio CuCl2/Al powder, (iii) pH and (iv) temperature were systematically studied and optimized using the Taguchi orthogonal (L9) method. It was observed that molar ratio EDTA-2Na/CuSO4 · 5H2O and temperature are the most affecting factors in the deposition process. By increasing their levels, copper deposition increases within a specified time. The X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy/ energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy results revealed the formation of homogeneous nanostructured Cu shells around Al particles. The results revealed that to achieve maximum copper deposition on Al powder; molar ratio EDTA-2Na. 2H2O/CuSO4. 5H2O, molar ratio CuCl2/Al powder, pH and temperature of the deposition bath should be 2.0, 0.05, 8.8 and 55 °C, respectively.

Prof. Dr. Fahad Ali Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS) 45650, Islamabad Pakistan


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Received: 2020-11-30
Accepted: 2021-02-22
Published Online: 2021-05-08
Published in Print: 2021-05-31

© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston, Germany

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