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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter February 20, 2018

The State of Knowledge Regarding the Use of Simulation in Pre-Licensure Nursing Education: A Mixed Methods Systematic Review

Joanne K. Olson, Pauline Paul, Gerri Lasiuk, Sandra Davidson, Barbara Wilson-Keates, Rebecca Ellis, Nichole Marks, Maryam Nesari and Winnifred Savard

Abstract

This project is a mixed-methods systematic review on the use of simulation in pre-licensure nursing. This research question guided this review: What is the best evidence available upon which to base decisions regarding the use of simulation experiences with pre-licensure nursing students? Searches of CINAHL Plus with Full Text, MEDLINE, and ERIC were performed to identify relevant literature. These searches yielded 1220 articles. After duplicates were removed and titles and abstracts were reviewed for relevance to the inclusion criteria, the remaining 852 articles were independently assessed for quality by pairs of researchers. Forty-seven articles were retained. Findings were grouped into research using high-, medium-, and low-fidelity simulations and a group where researchers included several or all types of simulation. The conclusion is that insufficient quality research exists to guide educators in making evidence-based decisions regarding simulation. More rigorous and multi-site research is needed.

Funding statement: University of Alberta, Faculty of Nursing [Jack Kay Simulation Award in Nursing].

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Received: 2017-06-29
Revised: 2018-02-12
Accepted: 2018-02-12
Published Online: 2018-02-20

© 2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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