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Licensed Unlicensed Requires Authentication Published by De Gruyter November 25, 2022

Embracing diversity: measuring the impact of an international immersion learning experience on nursing students’ cultural beliefs and values

  • Christine Argenbright ORCID logo EMAIL logo , Julie Sanford , Gwen D. Sherwood , Portia Janine Jordan , Michiko Moriyama , Maria Francisca Jiménez-Herrera , Mariette Bengtsson , Lee Lui , Vesna Hart and Maria McDonald



An international Nursing Leadership Collaborative covened in Japan to hold a patient safety and quality workshop for nursing students from six countries. The purpose was to measure students’ self reported beliefs reflecting sensitivity and openness to cultural diversity before and after the international experience.


A pre-post-test design was used and the Beliefs, Events, and Values Inventory was administered to international undergraduate and graduate nursing students.


The group aggregate data analysis indicate that prior to the start of the workshop, the group presented itself as quite introspective and after the workshop the group reported being more sophisticated in making causal explanations about why the world works in the way it does.


Nursing students experienced an expanded awareness of their beliefs and values that reflect a greater degree of intercultural sensitivity for acceptance of inclusivity and diversity after the experience.

Corresponding author: Christine Argenbright, School of Nursing, James Madison University, MSC 4305 325 Martin Luther Kind Jr Way, Harrisonburg, VA, USA, E-mail:

  1. Research funding: None declared.

  2. Author contributions: All authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this manuscript and approved its submission.

  3. Competing interests: Authors state no conflict of interest.

  4. Informed consent: Informed consent was obtained from all individuals included in this study.

  5. Ethical approval: The local Institutional Review Board deemed the study exempt from review.


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Supplementary Material

This article contains supplementary material (

Received: 2022-02-27
Accepted: 2022-11-01
Published Online: 2022-11-25

© 2022 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston

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